U. S. AIRCRAFT CARRIER SHIP HISTORY (1920 to 2016)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

 

Ref. 1-U.S. Navy carriers - U. S. Aircraft Carrier Listing – Dept. of the Navy

http://www.navy.mil/navydata/ships/carriers/cv-list.asp or http://www.navy.mil/navydata/fact_display.asp?cid=4200&tid=200&ct=4

Ref. 8 - Appendix 3 - Carrier Deployments by Year (1946 to 1990) Carrier Deployment by Year; Appendix 3, U. S. Dept of the Navy. Not Active http://www.history.navy.mil/download/dictnry/appendx3.pdf

Ref. 29 - Carrier, Carrier Based Squadrons and Non-Carrier Based Squadron Korean War order of battle - NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER, Washington Navy Yard, 805 Kidder Breese Street SE, Washington Navy Yard, DC 20374-5060. Not Active

http://www.history.navy.mil/branches/koreaob.htm or http://www.history.navy.mil/download/history/app25.pdf

http://www.history.navy.mil/content/dam/nhhc/research/histories/naval-aviation/pdf/app25.pdf

Ref. 39 - US Navy Aircraft Squadron Classification Symbols - US Navy Aircraft Squadron Classification Symbols, Dept. of the Navy, Aviation History Branch, Naval Historical Center. http://www.navysite.de/terms-squads.htm

Ref. 39A - U.S. Navy Ship Classification Symbols - Thoralf Doehring http://www.navysite.de/terms-ships.htm

Ref. 41 - Aircraft On Line Photos, Specifications & Aircraft Designers - Aviation Enthusiast Corner Home Page. http://www.aero-web.org/air.htm

Ref. 43 - More Than Just a Ship: USS Coral Sea (CV-43), 1946-1990; by CDR Pete Clayton, USN, with Robert J. Cressman

Not Active http://www.usscoralsea.net/pages/mtjas.html

Ref. 53 - Korean War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization          

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korea_War

Ref. 54 - South Korea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization         

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korea

Ref. 55 - North Korea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Korea

Ref. 56 - Vietnam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam

Ref. 57 - South Vietnam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Vietnam

Ref. 58 - North Vietnam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Vietnam

Ref. 72 - This list of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy includes all types in the main hull numbering sequence, consisting of hull classification symbols CV, CVA, CVB, CVL, and CVN - U. S. Aircraft Carrier Listing – Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_aircraft_carriers_of_the_United_States_Navy

(For the smaller escort aircraft carriers (CVE), please see list of escort aircraft carriers of the United States Navy).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_escort_aircraft_carriers_of_the_United_States_Navy

Ref. 75A - Evolution of Carrier Air Groups and Wings - Naval Aviation

http://www.wings-aviation.ch/24-Naval-Wings/Airgroup-Basis-en.htm

Ref. 75B - Appendix 22 U.S. Navy and Marine Corps Aces - Naval History and Heritage Command

http://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/naval-aviation-history/united-states-naval-aviation-1910-1995/appendix-22-us-navy-and-marine-corps-aces.html

Evolution of Carrier Air Groups and Wings - Naval Aviation

http://www.wings-aviation.ch/24-Naval-Wings/Airgroup-Basis-en.htm

Ref. 75D - U.S. Navy Attack carriers: CV, CVA, CVB, CVL, CVAN and CVN

http://www.history.navy.mil/our-collections/photography/us-navy-ships/aircraft-carriers.html

Ref. 75D1 - U.S. Navy Escort carriers: AVG, ACV and CVE - DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORY AND HERITAGE COMMAND, 805 KIDDER BREESE SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD, WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060

http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/OnlineLibrary/photos/shusn-no/cve-no.htm

Ref. 76 - CV Deployments - Go Navy http://www.gonavy.jp/CVLocation.html

Ref. 76A - CVW Deployments - Go Navy http://www.gonavy.jp/CVWf.html

Ref. 76B - CVSG Deployments - Go Navy http://www.gonavy.jp/CVSGf.html

Ref. 76C - CVG Deployments - Go Navy http://www.gonavy.jp/CVGf.html

Ref. 76D - Naval Squadrons - Go Navy http://www.gonavy.jp/SqnDeploymentf.html

Ref. 76E - U.S. Marine Corps - Go Navy http://www.gonavy.jp/usmcindex.html

Ref. 84 - Unofficial U. S. Navy Site - Thoralf Doehring http://navysite.de

Ref. 84A - U.S. Navy Aircraft Carriers - CV/CVN - Unofficial U. S. Navy Site - Thoralf Doehring http://navysite.de/carriers.htm#33

Ref. 84B - U.S. Navy Ship Classification Symbols - Unofficial U. S. Navy Site - Thoralf Doehring http://navysite.de/ships.htm

Ref. 84C - U.S. Navy Escort Aircraft Carriers - CVE’s - Unofficial U. S. Navy Site - Thoralf Doehring http://navysite.de/cve/index.html

Ref. 84 - Unofficial U. S. Navy Site - Thoralf Doehring http://navysite.de

Ref. 84A - U.S. Navy Aircraft Carriers - CV/CVN - Unofficial U. S. Navy Site - Thoralf Doehring http://navysite.de/carriers.htm#33

Ref. 84B - U.S. Navy Ship Classification Symbols - Unofficial U. S. Navy Site - Thoralf Doehring http://navysite.de/ships.htm

Ref. 84C - U.S. Navy Escort Aircraft Carriers - CVE’s - Unofficial U. S. Navy Site - Thoralf Doehring http://navysite.de/cve/index.html

Ref. 86 - DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN NAVAL FIGHTING SHIPS, Vol. V, pp. 172-174. http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/carriers/cv34.htm

Ref. 90 - CARRIER, CARRIER BASED SQUADRONS AND NON-CARRIER BASED SQUADRON DEPLOYMENTS DURING THE KOREAN WAR

https://dbwforgottenwar.wordpress.com/2012/12/03/order-of-battle-for-carriers-and-carrier-based-squadrons-during-the-korean-war

Ref. 91 - Vietnam Aircraft Carrier Deployments; Carnegie Mellon University.

Not Active http://members.tripod.com/~vet4

Ref. 92 - Members of the Honors Computer Science Class of Father Ryan High School in Nashville. http://www.fatherryan.org/navyvietnam/index.htm

Ref. 92A - Vietnam Aircraft Carrier Deployments Photos; Members of the Honors Computer Science Class of Father Ryan High School in Nashville.

http://www.fatherryan.org/navyvietnam/carrier1975.htm

Ref. 93 - USS Coral Sea (CV-43) History - Wikipedia. http://www.fact-index.com/u/us/uss_coral_sea__cv_43_.html

Ref. 95 - NAM 64-75 / Wings - Navy - Air Wings embarked on U. S. Aircraft Carriers during the Vietnam War 1964 – 1975.

http://nam.wz.cz/letadla/wings_navy.html

Ref. 113 - The Fighter Squadrons VMF, VMF(N), VMF(AW), VMFA & VMFA(AW), UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS AVIATION SQUADRON LINEAGE, INSIGNIA & HISTORY https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_inactive_United_States_Marine_Corps_aircraft_squadrons

Ref. 114 - Lineage Listing for VA, VA(AW), VAH, VA(HM), VAK, VAL, VAP and VFA Designated Squadrons - U. S. Navy

https://archive.org/stream/DictionaryOfAmericanNavalAviationSquadronsVolume1/DictionaryOfAmericanNavalAviationSquadronsVolume1_djvu.txt

Ref. 114A - Appendix 6 - Lineage Listing for VA, VA(AW), VAH, VA(HM), VAK

http://webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu/virtual_disk_library/index.cgi/1025775/FID1977/NAVY/Volume1/Appendx6.pdf

Ref. 114B - APPENDIX 15 Evolution of Carrier Air Groups and Wings - U. S. Navy http://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/naval-aviation-history/united-states-naval-aviation-1910-1995/appendix-15-evolution-of-carrier-air-groups-and-wings.html

Ref. 118 - List of United States Marine Corps aircraft squadrons ... - The Free Dictionary - Copyright © 2003-2015 Farlex, Inc 

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/List%20of%20United%20States%20Marine%20Corps%20aircraft%20squadrons

Ref. 140A - Marine Corps Aviation History - A chronicle of highlights in the history of Marine Corps aviation and Marine aviators, from the Library of the Marine Corps Archives and Special Collections Branch http://guides.grc.usmcu.edu/content.php?pid=306904&sid=2518154

Ref. 140A - Korean War - History of Marine Corps Aviation Korea - Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_active_United_States_Marine_Corps_aircraft_squadrons

Ref. 114B - APPENDIX 15 Evolution of Carrier Air Groups and Wings - U. S. Navy http://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/naval-aviation-history/united-states-naval-aviation-1910-1995/appendix-15-evolution-of-carrier-air-groups-and-wings.html

Ref. 114C - Korean Combat Action Reports for Carrier Air Groups - U. S. Navy.

http://www.history.navy.mil/research/archives/digitized-collections/action-reports/korean-war-carrier-air-group-combat.html

Ref. 118 - List of United States Marine Corps aircraft squadrons ... - The Free Dictionary.

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/List%20of%20United%20States%20Marine%20Corps%20aircraft%20squadrons

Ref. 146 - HISTORY AND MUSEUMS DIVISION-USMC - Official U.S. Marine Corps Web Site

https://www.mcu.usmc.mil/historydivision/SitePages/Home.aspx

Ref. 148 - List of United States Navy ships https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_Navy_ships

Ref. 139 - U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps BuNos--Third Series (60010 to 70187) - Last revised July 2, 2015

http://www.joebaugher.com/navy_serials/thirdseries7.html

Ref. 140 - History of Marine Corps Aviation Main Page - Ace Pilot http://www.marines.com/home

Ref. 140A - U.S. Marine Corps Aviation - USMC.net – US Marines Corps Pay, Benefits, and News http://www.usmc.net/76/marine-corps-aviation

Ref. 140A - USN and USMC Tactical Operating in the Korean Conflict - militaryfactory

http://www.militaryfactory.com/aircraft/korean-war-us-military-aircraft.asp

Ref. 140A - Marine Corps Aviation History - A chronicle of highlights in the history of Marine Corps aviation and Marine aviators, from the Library of the Marine Corps Archives and Special Collections Branch http://guides.grc.usmcu.edu/content.php?pid=306904&sid=2518154

Ref. 140A - Korean War - History of Marine Corps Aviation Korea - Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_active_United_States_Marine_Corps_aircraft_squadrons

Ref. 140B - Vietnam - History of Marine Corps Aviation Vietnam http://www.acepilots.com/usmc/hist17.html#top

Ref. 148 - List of United States Navy ships https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_Navy_ships

Ref. 155 - New Carrier News - New Developments http://www.air-navy.com/navair.htm

Ref. 155A1 - Naval Aviation - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_aviation

Ref. 155B - Naval Aircraft - A-6 Intruder - Large Listing Not Active http://www.air-navy.com/aircraft.htm

Ref. 155B1 - Evolutions of Aircraft Carriers - Naval History and Heritage Command

http://www.history.navy.mil/our-collections/photography/us-navy-ships/aircraft-carriers.html

Ref. 157A - VMA-121 Marine Attack Squadron “Green Knights” (Tail code VK) - Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VMFA-121

Ref. 157B - VMF-224 Marine Fighting Squadron - WK Bengals - Globalsecurity.org https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VMFA(AW)-224

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/usmc/vmfa-224.htm

Ref. 161 - Aviation Squadrons-VMF, VMFA VMFAT & VMFT Insignia - Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit

 

VMF-212 – Devil Cats

VMF-213 – Hells Hawks Fight

VMF-214 – Blacksheep

VMF-215 – Fighting Corsairs

VMF-217 - Patch of a Rabbit

VMF-218 – Patch of a Fighting Cat

VMF-222 – Patch of Rockets

VMF-222 – Patch of 3 Deuces         

Aviation Squadrons-VMF, VMFA

VMFAT & VMFT Insignia

VMFA(AW)-224 Squadron - The "Bengals" are stationed at MCAS Beaufort, SC and originally flew the venerable A-6E under MAG-14 out of MCAS Cherry Point, NC. The squadron flew the Intruder in Vietnam as well as Desert Storm before transitioning to the F/A-18D 2-seat Hornet.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_inactive_United_States_Marine_Corps_aircraft_squadrons

Ref. 162 - Marine Aerial Refueler Transport Squadron-234 [VMGR-234] - Globalsecurity

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/usmc/vmgr-234.htm

Ref. 163 - Marine Fighter Attack Squadron-312 [VMFA-312] - globalsecurity http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/usmc/vmfa-312.htm

Ref. 165 - Marine Corps squadrons - Fighter Pilot University, 1267 NW 355th, Holden, Missouri 64040  

http://www.fighterpilotuniversity.com/alumni-house/squadrons-worldwide/united-states-of-america/united-states-marine-corps-fighter-squadrons

Ref. 168 - Fighting Squadrons of the USMC in WWII - By Stephen Sherman, June, 1999. Updated July 1, 2011 - © 1999- 2015, by Acepilots.com

http://www.acepilots.com/usmc_sqns.html

Ref. 169 - Marine Corps Aces - Marine Corps aviation began in May 1912 http://www.nettally.com/jrube/text/usmcaces.htm

http://www.gnt.net/~jrube/text/usmcaces.htm

178 - List of United States Air Force aircraft squadrons - encyclopedia ... - List of United States Air Force aircraft squadrons.

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/List%20of%20United%20States%20Air%20Force%20aircraft%20squadrons

Ref. 405 - PORT VISITS FOR AIRCRAFT CARRIERS (CV, CVA, CVAN, CVS) DURING THE VIETNAM CONFLICT, Naval History and Heritage Command, former NATIONAL ARCHIVES, THE ARCHIVES OF THE NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER - MODERN MILITARY RECORDS, 8601 ADELPHI ROAD, COLLEGE PARK, MARYLAND 20740-6001. http://www.history.navy.mil/research/library/online-reading-room/title-list-alphabetically/c/carrier-deployments-during-the-vietnam-conflict.html

Ref. 1089 - Carrier Air Group Seventeen - gonavvy http://gonavy.jp/CVG-CVG17f.html

Ref. 1089 - Carrier Air Group Six - gonavvy http://www.gonavy.jp/CVG-CVG6f.html

Ref. 1089 - Carrier Air Group One - gonavvy http://gonavy.jp/CVG-CVG1f.html

Ref. 1090 - Hull classification symbol; Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_classification_symbols

 

(The above references cover a vast amount of U.S. Navy History relating to aircraft carriers and Air Wings of which information in this book referenced in the production of Aircraft Carrier Deployments, reflected in Carrier/CVW Deployment Charts.)

 

Ref. 1-SH - J--Towing and complete dismantlement of multiple CV-59/CV-63 Class Aircraft Carriers in the United States - Synopsis - Solicitation Number: N0002412R4211 - Agency: Department of the Navy, Office: Naval Sea Systems Command - Location: NAVSEA HQ.

https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=ce6de50e17d6f1e16841b33603f8ee26&tab=core&_cview=0

 

Ref. 1-Tarawa and 72 -

 

Ref. 1-Valley Forge & 72 -

 

Ref. 2-SH - DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY FISCAL YEAR (FY) 2015 BUDGET http://www.secnav.navy.mil/fmc/fmb/Documents/15pres/OGSI_Book.pdf

 

Ref. 3-SH - Navy sink list includes Forrestal, destroyers

http://www.murdoconline.net/archives/5518.html

 

Ref. 4-SH - The US Navy -- Fact File: Aircraft Carriers - CVN - Features - The aircraft carrier continues to be the centerpiece of the forces necessary for operating forward. http://ipv6.navy.mil/navydata/fact_display.asp?cid=4200&tid=200&ct=4

 

AIRCRAFT CARRIERS REFERENCES FOR CHAPTERS VI, VIII & XX

 

USS Forrestal (AVT-59), former CV-59 & CVA-59

 

Ref. F-[14] - Navy Awards Contract for ex-Forrestal Scrapping - Story Number: NNS131022-13 - Release Date: 10/22/2013 1:28:00 PM - From Naval Sea Systems Command Office of Corporate Communication, WASHINGTON (NNS). http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=77193

 

Ref. F-[15] - Navy Ex-Aircraft Carrier Sunk, Reefed off Pensacola - Story Number: NNS060517-05 - Release Date: 5/17/2006 1:02:00 PM - From Naval Sea Systems Command Public Affairs, PENSACOLA, Fla. (NNS).

http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=23692

 

Ref. F-[16] - Peterson, Zachary M. (26 February 2008). "Navy sink list includes Forrestal, destroyers" NavyTimes. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://military.wikia.com/wiki/USS_Forrestal_(CV-59)

 

Ref. F-[17] - Providence Journal | Rhode Island news, sports, weather & more - Providence Journal". Projo.com. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.providencejournal.com

 

Ref. F-[18] - USS Forrestal arrives in Phila. to await fate, Philly.com on-line, June 18, 2010. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://articles.philly.com/2010-06-18/news/24963609_1_aircraft-carrier-flight-deck-uss-forrestal

 

Ref. F-[19] - J--Towing and complete dismantlement of multiple CV-59/CV-63 Class Aircraft Carriers in the United States - Solicitation Number: N0002412R4211 - Agency: Department of the Navy - Office: Naval Sea Systems Command - Location: NAVSEA HQ. Verified on 6 June 2016.

https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=ce6de50e17d6f1e16841b33

603f8ee26&tab=core&_cview=0

 

Ref. F-[20] - "Ex-Supercarrier Forrestal headed to the scrapyard". Navy Times. 14 February 2014. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://hrana.org/news/2014/06/ex-supercarrier-constellation-headed-to-scrapyard

 

Ref. F-[21] - Gambardello, Joseph A. (5 February 2015). "Departure time set for USS Forrestal" Philadelphia Inquirer. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://articles.philly.com/2014-02-05/news/47009381_1_uss-forrestal-all-star-metals-the-navy

 

Ref. F-[22] - "Navy Supercarrier Arrives at Scrapyard". The New York Times. Associated Press. 18 February 2014. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.military.com/daily-news/2014/02/19/us-navy-supercarrier-arrives-at-scrapyard.html

 

Ref. F-[23] - "USS Forrestal (AVT-59)" - AVT 59 HAS BEEN SCRAPPED BY ALL STAR METALS LLC ON DECEMBER 15, 2015. CERTIFICAT E OF SCRAPPING, DEMILITARIZATION AND HAZMAT DISPOSAL IS ON FILE. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://www.nvr.navy.mil/nvrships/details/AVT59.htm 

 

Ref. 5-SH - USS Forrestal, the Navy's first supercarrier, to be scrapped in 1 cent deal Ken Killmeyer, USS Forrestal historian
http://www.foxnews.com/us/2013/10/24/forrestal-navy-first-supercarrier-sold-for- 1-penny/?intcmp=latestnews

 

USS Saratoga (CV-60), former CVA-60 & CVB-60

 

Ref. S-[2] - Saratoga (CV-60)". Naval Vessel Register. 16 October 2011. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://www.nvr.navy.mil/nvrships/details/CV60.htm

 

Ref. S-[24] - Strickland, Sandy (1 April 1996). "Save Our Sara campaign hasn't been forgotten". The Florida Times Union (Jacksonville, Florida). p. A.5. Verified on 6 June 2016. https://www.questia.com/newspaper/1G1-57519838/save-our-sara-campaign-hasn-t-been-forgotten

 

Ref. S-[25] - USS Saratoga Museum Foundation, Inc. web site's Testimonials & Support; Don Davis, Co-Chairman, Save Our Sara Campaign. Jacksonville, Fl. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://hub.politicsnissues.org/hub/navships?w=1280;rh=http%3a%2f%2fwww%2esaratogamuseum%2eorg%2f;rd=1

 

Ref. S-[26] - "Navy pays 1 cent to scrap ex-carrier Saratoga" Navy Times. 8 May 2014. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://hrana.org/news/2014/05/navy-pays-1-cent-to-scrap-ex-carrier-saratoga

 

Ref. S-[27] - Goodwyn, Wade (25 July 2012). "When The Ship Comes in to Brownsville, Rip It Up". NPR. This fall, the U.S. Navy will contract three Cold War-era aircraft carriers — the USS Forrestal, the USS Saratoga and the USS Constellation — for scrapping. Often called "supercarriers" owing to their massive size, the ships contain nearly 60,000 tons of steel and other metal each. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.npr.org/2012/07/25/156732936/when-the-ship-comes-in-to-brownsville-rip-it-up / https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Saratoga_%28CV-60%29 

 

Ref. S-[28] - Ex-USS Saratoga Departs NAVSTA Newport for Dismantling and Recycling - Story Number: NNS140821-05 - Release Date: 8/21/2014 1:43:00 PM - By Lisa Woodbury Rama, Naval Station Newport Public Affairs, NEWPORT, R.I. (NNS). Retrieved 6 June 2016.

http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=82875

 

USS Ranger (CV-61), former CVA-61

 

Ref. R-[21] - Congress of the United States of America, Congressional Budget Office (1987). "Naval Combat Aircraft: Issues and Options". Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Verified on 6 June 2016. 

https://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/ftpdocs/62xx/doc6209/doc20b-entire.pdf

 

Ref. R-[22] - USS Ranger Foundation. Archived from the original application to Naval Sea Systems Command proposing the donation of Ranger for use as a museum ship and multipurpose facility, to be located on the Columbia River at Chinook Landing Marine Park in Fairview, Oregon on 2012-04-24. Retrieved 2011-09-28. In September 2010. Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. R-[23] - Bjork, Nick (26 September 2011). "Aircraft carrier could become museum in Fairview". Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved 28 September 2011. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://djcoregon.com/news/2011/09/26/aircraft-carrier-could-become-museum-in-fairview

 

Ref. R-[24] - Hottman, Sara (4 October 2012). "Fairview's bid for USS Ranger fails; Navy selling carrier for scrap instead". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.oregonlive.com/gresham/index.ssf/2012/10/fairviews_bid_for_uss_ranger_f.html

 

Ref. R-[25] - "NAVSEA Inactive Ship Inventory" (PDF). NAVSEA. 25 August 2014. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.navsea.navy.mil/Portals/103/Documents/TeamShips/SEA21/InactiveShips/Inventory-2Jan2015.pdf

 

Ref. R-[26] - Bradley, Eric (16 August 2014). "Former sailor wants to bring ‘Top Gun’ star USS Ranger to Long Beach". Press-Telegram (Long Beach, California). Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.presstelegram.com/government-and-politics/20140816/former-sailor-wants-to-bring-top-gun-star-uss-ranger-to-long-beach

 

Ref. R-[27] - LaGrone, Sam (22 December 2014). "Navy Pays Texas Ship Breaker a Penny to Dismantle Carrier Ranger". USNI News. Verified on 6 June 2016.

https://news.usni.org/2014/12/22/navy-pays-texas-ship-breaker-penny-dismantle-carrier-ranger?utm_source=USNI+News&utm_campaign=5ad8616316-USNI_NEWS_WEEKLY&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_0dd4a1450b-5ad8616316-230368857&mc_cid=5ad8616316&mc_eid=09fcdaf033

 

Ref. R-[28] - Includes a photo of her anchored off Panama City. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://laestrella.com.pa/panama/nacional/portaaviones-eeuu-llega-para-brindar-seguridad-obama/23856513 / https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Ranger_(CV-61)

 

USS Independence (CV-62), former CVA-62

 

Ref. I-[16] - Peterson, Zachary M. (2008-02-26). "Navy sink list includes Forrestal, destroyers" NavyTimes. Retrieved 2008-09-07. Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. I-[17] - http://peoships.crane.navy.mil/Inactiveships/pdf/reefing_inventory.pdf

 

Ref. I-[18] - "J-Towing and complete dismantlement of multiple CV-59/CV-63 Class Aircraft Carriers in the United States - Federal Business Opportunities: Opportunities". Fbo.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-13. Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. I-[19] - "Aircraft carrier USS Ranger, used in movies ‘Top Gun’ and ‘Star Trek IV’, heading for Texas scrap yard". 2015-03-05. Retrieved 2015-03-06. Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63), former CVA-63

 

Ref. KK-[27] - USS George Washington to Replace USS Kitty Hawk as U.S. Navy's Forward Deployed Carrier - Story Number: NNS051202-06 - Release Date: 12/2/2005 8:00:00 PM - Special release from the Department of the Navy, WASHINGTON (NNS) http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=21248

 

Ref. KK-[28] - USS Kitty Hawk decommissioned - May 21, 2009 - By Kitty Hawk Public Affairs, BREMERTON, Wash. (NNS) or Ref. KK-[34]. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.militarynews.com/norfolk-navy-flagship/oceana/news/uss-kitty-hawk-decommissioned/article_c44da5f7-93b3-57d5-99cb-b052d6db8cf6.html

 

Ref. KK-[29] - Kitty Hawk Bids Japan Sayonara for the Last Time - Story Number: NNS080530-12 - Release Date: 5/30/2008 1:59:00 PM - By Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Carlos Gomez, Kitty Hawk Public Affairs, USS KITTY HAWK, At Sea (NNS). http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=37528

 

Ref. KK-[30] - Liewer, Steve, "Damaged Aircraft Carrier To Stay In Port For Repairs", San Diego Union-Tribune, 21 June 2008; Kakesako, Gregg K., "Kitty Hawk Remains In Hawaii For RIMPAC", San Diego Union-Tribune, 4 July 2008. Not Active, Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. KK-[31] - Seattle Times, "Kitty Hawk Ceremony To Be Held Saturday", 28 January 2009. Not Active, Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. KK-[32] - Seattle Times, 2,000 say goodbye to USS Kitty Hawk, 1 February 2009. Not Active, Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. KK-[33] & KK-[34] - Navy Decommissions USS Kitty Hawk - Story Number: NNS090512-08 - Release Date: 5/12/2009 5:37:00 PM - From Kitty Hawk Public Affairs, BREMERTON, Wash. (NNS)). http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=45202

 

Ref. KK-[35] - Wilmington, NC, Star: "New ship coming in?" published 25 January 2006. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.starnewsonline.com/article/20060125/NEWS/60124035

 

Ref. KK-[36] - WRAL.com: "Ex-Sailors' Dream Is USS Kitty Hawk Moored in Wilmington" published 6 March 2007. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.wral.com/news/local/story/1225520

 

Ref. KK-[37] - WWAY News Channel 3 "USS Kitty Hawk will have to stay in reserve" published 4 December 2008. Verified on 6 June 2016.

https://pediaview.com/openpedia/Aircraft_carrier

 

Ref. KK-[38] - After decades of faithful service, the USS Kitty Hawk is awaiting her fate while in reserve status with the US Navy. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.militaryfactory.com/ships/detail.asp?ship_id=USS-Kitty-Hawk-CV63

 

Ref. KK-[39] - Citizen-Times - Not Active - Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.citizen-times.com/article/DP/20130131/NEWS12/301310021

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Kitty_Hawk_(CV-63)

 

Ref. KK-[40] - Enterprise, Nimitz-Class Carriers Won't Be Museums. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.military.com/daily-news/2012/10/22/enterprise-nimitz-class-carriers-wont-be-museums.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Kitty_Hawk_(CV-63)

 

Ref. 1-Kitty Hawk, 72, 76, 84A, 331 & Navy Decommissions USS Kitty Hawk - Story Number: NNS090512-08 - Release Date: 5/12/2009 5:37:00 PM - From Kitty Hawk Public Affairs, BREMERTON, Wash. (NNS)). http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=45202

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Enterprise_%28CVN-65%29

 

USS Constellation (CV-64), former CVA-64

 

Ref. C-[14] - "Maintenance Category D and X – Definition". Naval Vessel Registry. NAVSEA Shipbuilding Support Office. Retrieved 20 March 2015. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.nvr.navy.mil/maint_dx.htm

 

Ref. C-15] - Peterson, Zachary M. (26 February 2008). "Navy sink list includes Forrestal, destroyers" NavyTimes. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://military.wikia.com/wiki/USS_Forrestal_(CV-59)

 

Ref. C-[16] - "Towing and complete dismantlement of multiple CV-59/CV-63 Class Aircraft Carriers in the United States" (Press release). United States Navy, Naval Sea Systems Command. 26 January 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2015. Verified on 6 June 2016.

https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=ce6de50e17d6f1e16841b33 603f8ee26&tab=core&_cview=0

 

Ref. C-[17] - "USS Constellation headed for Texas scrapyard". FOX News. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://www.foxnews.com/us/2014/06/14/uss-constellation-headed-for-texas-scrapyard.html?intcmp=latestnews

 

Ref. C-[18] - "USS Constellation takes final voyage to scrappers". USA Today. 19 August 2014. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/08/19/uss-constellation-aircraft-carrier-scrap/14296479

 

Ref. C-[19] - "NASA Captured the Lonely Last Journey of an Aircraft Carrier". Gizmodo. 10 November 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://gizmodo.com/nasa-captured-the-lonely-last-journey-of-an-aircraft-ca-1656866844

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Independence_(CV-62)

 

Ref. C-[20] - "Decommissioned USS Constellation arrives in Texas for scrap". Navy Times. Associated Press. 17 January 2015. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.navytimes.com/story/military/tech/2015/01/17/decommissioned-constellation-texas/21913557

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Constellation_(CV-64)

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65), former CVA(N)-65

 

Ref. E-[17] - "World's First Nuclear-powered Aircraft Carrier, the Big E, makes final voyage". foxnews.com, 10 March 2012. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.foxnews.com/us/2012/03/10/worlds-first-nuclear-powered-aircraft-carrier-big-e-makes-final-voyage.html

 

Ref. 19 - "Navy to give final farewell to aircraft carrier USS Enterprise during Feb. 3 decommissioning" The Virginia-Pilot, 25 January 2017

http://pilotonline.com/news/military/local/navy-to-give-final-farewell-to-aircraft-carrier-uss-enterprise/article_7e3e201c-8c2c-5c5b-b474-b4718cd0bdd4.html

 

Ref. 20 - Brad Lendon. "Carrier turns donor: USS Enterprise gives anchor to USS Lincoln". CNN.com. Retrieved 3 October 2014.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/10/03/us/navy-carrier-anchor/index.html?hpt=hp_t2

 

Ref. 21 - "USS Enterprise (CVN 65) Official Web Site". Public.navy.mil. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 

 

Ref. 22 - "World's First Nuclear-powered Aircraft Carrier, the Big E, makes final voyage". foxnews.com, 10 March 2012.

http://www.foxnews.com/us/2012/03/10/worlds-first-nuclear-powered-aircraft-carrier-big-e-makes-final-voyage.html

 

Ref. 23 - This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here. http://www.nvr.navy.mil/SHIPDETAILS/SHIPSDETAIL_CVN_65_5150.HTML

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Enterprise_%28CVN-65%29

 

Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII), an American Fortune 500 shipbuilding company formed on March 31, 2011 as a spin-off of Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding Newport News (NGSB-NN)

 

Ref. E-[66] - Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)/chief financial officer (February 2012).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Under_Secretary_of_Defense_(Comptroller)

 

"Operation and Maintenance Overview: Fiscal Year 2012 Budget Estimates operation" (PDF). Washington, D.C., US: Department of Defense. p. Navy – 13. Retrieved 4 June 2012. Not Active. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/Documents/defbudget/fy2012/budget_justificatio

n/pdfs/01_Operation_and_Maintenance/O_M_VOL_1_PARTS/O_M_VOL_1_BASE_PA RTS/DLA_OP-5_FY_2012.pdf

 

Ref. E-[67] - "CNO wants faster decommissioning for Enterprise", Navy times, 7 April 2009. Not Active, Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. E-[68] - Erwing, Phillip (21 September 2010). "Big E preps for final combat deployment." Navy Times. Retrieved 22 September 2010. Not Active, Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. E-[69] - Make the USS Enterprise a museum ship - ePetitions. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://cvn65.epetitions.net

 

Ref. E-[70] - "Signatures for A Petition to name the next United States Navy nuclear powered aircraft carrier the USS Enterprise". ePetitions. Retrieved 18 June 2011. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://ussenterp.epetitions.net/signatures.php?petition_id=1870 

 

Ref. E-[71] - "News Release – Navy’s Next Ford-Class Aircraft Carrier to be Named Enterprise". U.S. Navy. 1 December 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2012. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library

 

Ref. E-[72] - "Navy delays overhaul of aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln, citing budget concerns". Washington Post. Associated Press. 8 February 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013. Not Active. Verified on 6 June 2016 and "Lack of Funding Affects USS Lincoln Refueling and Complex Overhaul" - Story Number: NNS130208-17 - Release Date: 2/8/2013 4:14:00 PM - From Defense Media Activity - Navy WASHINGTON (NNS).

http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=71992

 

Ref. E-[73] - "HII Awarded $745 Million Contract to Inactivate USS Enterprise (CVN-65)". Huntonton Ingalls Industries. 28 June 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2014. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://ir.huntingtoningalls.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=243052&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1834000

 

Ref. E-[74] - "USS Enterprise: The Beginning of the End for the "Big E"", Defense Industry Daily, 13 November 2008. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/USS-Enterprise-The-Beginning-of-the-End-for-the-Big-E-05157/

 

Ref. E-[75] - Carrier turns donor: USS Enterprise gives anchor to USS Lincoln, CNN, on 3 October 2014. Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. 6-SH - Enterprise, Nimitz-Class Carriers Won't Be Museums - Daily News | Oct 22, 2012 | by Michael Welles Shapiro).

http://www.military.com/daily-news/2012/10/22/enterprise-nimitz-class-carriers-wont-be-museums.html

 

USS America (CV-66), former CVA-66

 

Ref. 7-SH - NBC Nightly News (4/15/05) Demise of USS America CV-66 - 1-America, 72, Message from NAVSEA, May 16, 2005 & cvn78.com).

http://www.cvn78.com/page26/page26.html / http://www.ussamerica.org/news.asp

 

Ref. JFK-[17] - Raphaella Zerey (5 March 2007). "Thousands pay last visit to USS JFK". The Daily Free Press. Archived from the original on 21 January 2009. Retrieved 21 January 2009. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://www.webcitation.org/5e0ZpHidS

 

Ref. JFK-[18] - City Guide For Fleet Week 2005. Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. JFK-[19] - Mark D. Faram (24 March 2008). "An outpouring of memories upon JFK arrival". Navy Times. Archived from the original on 21 January 2009. Retrieved 21 January 2009. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://www.webcitation.org/5e0aF2vZV

 

Ref. JFK-[20] - Mark D. Faram (26 March 2007). "After storied career, JFK’s saga finally ends". Navy Times. Retrieved 31 October 2009. Not Active, Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. JFK-[21] - Henry J. Holcomb (22 March 2008). "Aircraft carrier John F. Kennedy scheduled to arrive in Philadelphia today". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on 8 April 2008. Retrieved 31 October 2009. Verified on 6 June 2016. 

http:/www.philly.com/philly/hp/news_update/20080322_Aircraft_carrier_John_F__Kenn edy_scheduled_to_arrive_in_Philadelphia_today.html

 

Ref. JFK-[22] - Matthew Jones (19 March 2008). "Deactivated carrier JFK on its way to Philadelphia storage yard". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved 19 March 2008. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://pilotonline.com/news/military/deactivated-carrier-jfk-on-its-way-to-philadelphia-storage-yard/article_ad3f2757-b3c6-56d0-b9a7-9137255d7e26.html

 

Ref. JFK-[23] - Not Active, Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://peoships.crane.navy.mil/Inactiveships/Donation/inactiveships_news.asp

 

Ref. JFK-[24] - Edward Mason (26 November 2009). "Hub floated as possible home for JFK warship". The Boston Herald. Retrieved 26 November 2009. Not Active, Verified on 6 June 2016. Not Active, Verified on 6 June 2016.

 

Ref. JFK-[25] - "USS John F. Kennedy (CVA-67)". NavSource Online. NavSource Naval History. 17 May 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/67.htm

 

Ref. JFK-[26] - Rhode Island Aviation Hall of Fame's USS John F. Kennedy Aircraft Carrier Project. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://www.ussjfkri.org

 

Ref. JFK-[27] - USS John F. Kennedy Museum, Portland, Maine. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://www.ussjfk.org

 

Ref. JFK-[28] - Plan to bring aircraft carrier to Portland founders = By Edward D. Staff Writer (City Council's unanimous vote against endorsing a site ends the effort to give the JFK a home in Portland Harbor). PressHerald.com: Proposed Carrier Site Voted Down, January 20, 2011. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.pressherald.com/2011/01/20/proposed-carrier-site-voted-down_2011-01-20

 

Ref. JFK-[29] - "Goodbye, Sara". Providence Journal. 31 August 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2014. Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.providencejournal.com/opinion/editoria

 

Ref. JFK-[30] - Lennon, Frank (20 September 2014). "Frank Lennon: JFK carrier could be big boon for R.I.". Providence Journal. Retrieved 11 October 2014. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://www.providencejournal.com/opinion/commentary/20140920-frank-lennon-jfk-carrier-could-be-big-boon-for-r.i..ece

 

Ref. JFK-[31 -Enterprise, Nimitz-Class Carriers Won't Be Museums - Verified on 6 June 2016.

http://www.military.com/daily-news/2012/10/22/enterprise-nimitz-class-carriers-wont-be-museums.html.

 

Ref. JFK-32 - "John F. Kennedy (CVA-67)". Naval History and Heritage Command on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015. Verified on 6 June 2016. http://www.history.navy.mil

http://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/j/john-f-kennedy-cva-67.html / https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_John_F._Kennedy_%28CV-67%29

 

Ref. 8-SH - LCDR Gerald Ford, who later became the 38th President of the United States (1974–1977) in uniform, 1945. Ford received his commission as an Ensign in the U.S Naval Reserve on 13 April 1942 and later participated in many actions in the Pacific aboard the fast aircraft carrier USS Monterey (CVL-26). He was eventually released from active duty under honorable conditions in February 1946. President Ford, 93, passed away on 26 December 2006 at his home in Rancho Mirage, Calif. DOD photo (# 061227-N-0000X-003). NS027805a. Robert M. Cieri http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/027805a.jpg

 

Ref. 8A-SH - CVN-78 is named after Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. (1913–2006), 38th President of the United States of America (1974–1977). Gerald R. Ford, Jr. became the fourth consecutive President to have served in the US Navy. He was the first vice president in American history to succeed to the nation's highest office because of the resignation of a president, and he was the first person to occupy the White House without being elected either president or vice president. He viewed himself as "a moderate in domestic affairs, a conservative in fiscal affairs, and a dyed-in-the-wool internationalist in foreign affairs." Ford acted vigorously to maintain US power and prestige after the collapse of Cambodia and South Vietnam. Preventing a new war in the Middle East remained a major objective. Detente with the Soviet Union continued. On Inauguration Day his successor, President Carter, began his speech: "For myself and for our Nation, I want to thank my predecessor for all he has done to heal our land." NS027805. DOD File photo # 061227-D-0000X-001. http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/027805.jpg

 

Ref. 9-SH - “On 16 January 2007, held the official naming ceremony of the USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78), the first aircraft carrier in the Ford class of carriers. CVN-78 is named after Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. (1913–2006), 38th President of the United States of America (1974–1977). Remarks by Dr. Donald C. Winter, Secretary of Navy — Naming of USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78), Pentagon, Arlington, VA, Tuesday, January 16, 2007. NS027807d. Submitted by: Robert M. Cieri.http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/027807d.pdf

 

Ref. -10-SH - & Navy NewsStand - In-Depth Coverage - Story Number: NNS050812-13 - Release Date: 8/12/2005 1:57:00 PM - By Journalist 1st Class Donald P. Rule, Naval Media Center Mobile Det. 3, NEWPORT NEWS, Va. (NNS)). http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/news/2005/08/mil-050812-nns04.htm

 

Ref. 11-SH - Navy's Next Ford-Class Aircraft Carrier to be Named Enterprise

http://www.defense.gov/News/News-Releases

 

Ref. 12-SH - MODERNIZING THE U.S. AIRCRAFT CARRIER FLEET

http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG289.sum.pdf

 

Ref. 13-SH - Cruise Books In the Navy Department Library's Collection http://www.history.navy.mil/library/special/cruise_list.html

 

Ref. 47 - CVNX Program multirole aircraft carriers (0+2 ships)

 

Ref. 324 - Aircraft Carrier CVA - Presentation Transcript © 2011 SlideShare Inc.

http://www.slideshare.net/kapitan/aircraft-carrier-cva-presentation

 

Ref. 331 - USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) - Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Kitty_Hawk_(CV-63)

 

Ref. 621B & 75D - AUXILIARY AIRCRAFT CARRIERS AND COMBATANT SHIPS OR ESCORT CARRIERS (CVEs) THAT PARTICIPATED IN THE WAR II (1941 to 1945) AIRCRAFT CARRIER LISTING FOR CVE DESIGNATION

 

Why does the U.S. Need the aircraft carrier?

Basic Description

The Carrier Battle Group

The Carrier Air Wing

Colors Worn by flight deck personnel

Aircraft Carriers Facts

Listing of All U.S. Navy carriers

Aircraft Carrier Photos

Carrier History (Part I - The Early Years)

The Escort ("Jeep") Carriers

Carrier History (Part II - WWII - 1941 - 1942)

Carrier History (Part III - 1943)

Carrier History (Part IV - 1944-1945)

Carrier History (Part V - Post War)

Carrier History (Part VI - Korea and the 1950s)

Carrier History (Part VII - Space and Vietnam)

Evolution of Aircraft Carriers

 Ref. 1089

 

Ref. 1088 - A Brief History of U.S. Navy Aircraft Carriers

 

Ref. 1090 - 1937 to Present Aircraft Carrier Classifications:

 

Ref. 1026 - Jayavarman V - Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jayavarman_V

 

Ref. 1027 - SCB-27, or "Two Seven-Alpha"/"Two Seven-Charlie" - Chapter XI

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCB-27

 

Ref. 1028 - SCB-27C - DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY - NAVAL

HISTORICAL CENTER, 805 KIDDER BREESE SE, WASHINGTON NAVY YARD, WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060 - Not Active Chapter XI

 

Ref. 1028 - SCB-27 modernization of Essex/Ticonderoga class aircraft carriers, (CV 9-12, 14-16, 18-20, 31, 33-34, 38-39) - (work completed between 1950 and 1955) - DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY - NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER, 805 KIDDER BREESE SE, WASHINGTON NAVY YARD, WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060 - Not Active http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/usnshtp/cv/scb27cl.htm

 

Ref. 1029 - SCB-125 - Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. - Chapter XI https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCB-125

 

Ref. 1029 - Pre-historic Time - THAILAND HOTELS & RESORTS - Not Active http://www.ichiangrai.com/en/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=66&Itemid=101&fbf7c1e256e3c83d599efe2ac7994b00=565bb6ec672d7f426fdd6649ca225e5f

 

Ref. 1030 - Mideastweb Middle East - Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.

http://mideastweb.org/nutshell.htm

 

Ref. 1035 - MAINTENANCE AND MODERNIZATION PROGRAM - VOLUME II, PART I, CHAPTER 2 - Ref.[2][3][4] - RCOH - Refueling and Complex Overhaul

 

Ref. A - Aircraft Carrier Fleet Services / Refueling and Complex Overhaul

http://www.nn.northropgrumman.com/capabilities/rco.html - Not Active

Ref. B - http://www.sb.northropgrumman.com/products/acfleetservices/index.html

 

References

 

1. Unmanned Undersea Vehicles And Guided Missile Submarines: Technological and Operational Synergies

2. CVN-68 Nimitz-class Modernization

3. USS Theodore Roosevelt Headed Into Mid-Life Overhaul

4. Refueling and Complex Overhaul http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Refueling_and_overhaul

 

Ref. 1088 - A Brief History of U.S. Navy Aircraft Carriers - ©2011 About.com. All rights reserved. A part of The New York Times Company http://usmilitary.about.com/od/navyweapons/l/blcarriers.htm

 

Ref. 1088A - Operation Frostbite (pictured), a 1946 naval exercise involving U.S. Navy Task Group 21.11 led by the aircraft carrier USS Midway (CVB-41) that operated in the Davis Straits between Labrador and Greenland - Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exercise_Mainbrace. Ref. [2] - Midway History and Events: Shake Down and Operation Frostbite of 1088A - Operation FROSTBITE - March 1946 – midwaysailor http://www.midwaysailor.com/midway1940/frostbite.html

 

Why does the U.S. Need the aircraft carrier?

Basic Description

The Carrier Battle Group

The Carrier Air Wing

Colors Worn by flight deck personnel

Aircraft Carriers Facts

Listing of All U.S. Navy carriers

Aircraft Carrier Photos

Carrier History (Part I - The Early Years)

The Escort ("Jeep") Carriers

Carrier History (Part II - WWII - 1941 - 1942)

Carrier History (Part III - 1943)

Carrier History (Part IV - 1944-1945)

Carrier History (Part V - Post War)

Carrier History (Part VI - Korea and the 1950s)

Carrier History (Part VII - Space and Vietnam)

Evolution of Aircraft Carriers

 Ref. 1089

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY - NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER, 805 KIDDER BREESE SE, WASHINGTON NAVY YARD, WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060 - Not Active.

 

Ref. 1089 - Carrier Air Group Seventeen - gonavvy http://gonavy.jp/CVG-CVG17f.html

 

Ref. 1089 - Carrier Air Group Six - gonavvy http://www.gonavy.jp/CVG-CVG6f.html

 

Ref. 1089 - Carrier Air Group One - gonavvy http://gonavy.jp/CVG-CVG1f.html

 

Ref. 1090 - Operation Mainbrace - mapyourinfo.com Not Active http://www.mapyourinfo.com

 

Ref. 1090 - 1937 to Present Aircraft Carrier Classifications: - Hull classification symbol; Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_classification_symbol

 

Ref. 1097 - Northrop Grumman Awarded $5.1 Billion Contract for Detail Design and Construction of Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) Aircraft Carrier - NEWPORT NEWS, Va., Jan. 4, 2008 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE).

 

Ref. 1134 - Midway class large fleet aircraft carriers - Ref. 1 and 1A - World Aircraft Carriers List: US Fleet Carriers, WWII Era - Revised 26 November 2001 - Version 2.06 - Compiled and Maintained by: Andrew Toppan - World Aircraft Carrier

http://www.hazegray.org/navhist/carriers / http://www.hazegray.org/navhist/carriers/us_fleet.htm#mid-cl

 

CHAPTER I REFERENCES AND FOOTNOTES

 

Ref. A - Not Active http://www.nn.northropgrumman.com/capabilities/rco.html

 

Ref. B - Not Active http://www.sb.northropgrumman.com/products/acfleetservices/index.html

 

Ref. C - Lieutenant Junior Grade George Bush, USNR DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY - NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER, 805 KIDDER BREESE SE - wASHINGTON NAVY YARD, WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060 Not Active http://www.nn.northropgrumman.com/bush or

http://www.nn.northropgrumman.com/bush/christening.html

 

Ref. D - The Navy's newest nuclear-powered aircraft carrier George H. W. Bush was commissioned Saturday, January 10, 2009, during an 11 a.m. EST ceremony at Naval Station Norfolk, Va. Not Active http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq10-1.htm

                                                          

Ref. E - Not Active http://www.defenselink.mil/releases/release.aspx?releaseid=12418

 

Ref. F - Navy Takes Delivery of USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77), from Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding May 11. George H.W. Bush is the 10th and final Nimitz-class aircraft carrier” (Ref. Story Number: NAE090511-01 - Release Date: 2009-05-11T14:29:21 - By Naval Sea Systems Command Office of Corporate Communications, WASHINGTON (NNS)). http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=45176

 

Ref. G - Navy Takes Delivery of Aircraft Carrier George H.W. Bush - Story Number: NNS090511-11 - Release Date: 5/11/2009 3:45:00 PM - From Naval Sea Systems Command Office of Corporate Communications, WASHINGTON (NNS) http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=45176

 

Ref. H - Not Active http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/navy/batgru-78.htm

 

Navy Names Newest Carrier After President Ford - WASHINGTON, Jan. 16, 2007 – With flags around the nation still at half staff in memory of the late President Gerald R. Ford, Vice President Richard B. Cheney called today’s naming of the Navy’s newest aircraft carrier in Ford’s honor an even more fitting tribute because it looks to the future” (Ref. By Donna Miles, American Forces Press Service & Story Number: NNS070116-08 - Release Date: 1/16/2007 4:01:00 PM - From the Department of Defense, WASHINGTON (NNS)  http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=27323

 

Ref. I - Aircraft Carriers - CV, CVN - Defense Industry Daily, LLC in association with Watershed Publishing. Not Active

http://www.defenselink.mil/News/NewsArticle.aspx?ID=2710

 

Ref. J – “Big John” Decommissioned After 38 Years of Service - Story Number: NNS070324-04 - Release Date: 3/24/2007 1:28:00 PM - By Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Bill Larned, USS John F. Kennedy Public Affairs, MAYPORT, Fla. (NNS) http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=28500

 

Ref. K - Not Active http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com

 

Ref. L - Navy CVN-21 Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress - Order Code RS20643 - Updated June 24, 2005 - CRS Report for Congress - Received through the CRS Web - Ronald O’Rourke, Specialist in National Defense, Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division

 

Ref. L - Navy CVN-21 Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

August 20, 2004 Summary Not Active http://www.ndu.edu/library/docs/crs/crs_rs20643_24jun05.pdf

 

Ref. M - Not Active http://opencrs.com/about

 

Ref. M1 - July 16, 2009 Summary: Not Active http://opencrs.com/document/RS20643/2004-08-20

 

Ref. M2 - Open CRS. Not Active http://opencrs.com/document/RS20643/2009-07-16

 

American taxpayers spend nearly $100 million a year to fund the Congressional Research Service, a "think tank" that provides reports to members of Congress on a variety of topics relevant to current political events. Yet, these reports are not made available to the public in a way that they can be easily obtained. A project of the Center for Democracy & Technology, Open CRS provides citizens’ access to CRS Reports that are already in the public domain and encourages Congress to provide public access to all CRS Reports.

 

CRS Reports do not become public until a member of Congress releases the report. A number of libraries and non-profit organizations have sought to collect as many of the released reports as possible. Open CRS is a centralized utility that brings together these collections to search. Unfortunately, there is no systematic way to obtain all CRS reports. Because of this, not all reports appear on the Open CRS web site. CDT believes that it would be far preferable for Congress to make available to the public all CRS Reports.

 

Ref. N - DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY - NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER, 805 KIDDER BREESE SE - WASHINGTON NAVY YARD - WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060 Not Active http://www.navy.mil/navydata/fact_display.asp?cid=4200&tid=200&ct=4

 

The Aircraft Carrier Industrial Base Coalition – Ref. O http://www.acibc.org

 

P. Gerald R Ford Class (CVN-78/79) – US Navy CVN-21 Future Carrier Programme, United States of America http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/cvn-21

 

Footnotes:

 

1. For discussion of this issue, see CRS Report RL32731, Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy -- Issues and Options for Congress, by Ronald O'Rourke.

 

2. For discussion of this issue, see CRS Report RL32776, Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches -- Background and Options for Congress, by Ronald O'Rourke.

 

3. For more on naval transformation, see CRS Report RS20851, Naval Transformation, Background and Issues for Congress, by Ronald O'Rourke.

 

4. The Navy reportedly wanted to start funding the procurement of CVNX-1/CVN-21 through the Navy's research and development account in part because the new technologies to be incorporated into CVNX-1/CVN-21 give it somewhat the character of a research and development activity as opposed to a straight procurement action. The Navy reportedly believed that funding procurement of the ship through the research and development account would permit the Navy to better manage the technical and cost risks involved in developing and building the ship.

 

Items acquired through research and development accounts are not subject to the full funding policy as traditionally applied to DOD weapon procurement programs. If procured through the research and development account, the Navy would be able, for example, to fund the procurement of CVN-21 using a stream of annual funding increments -- a funding strategy that, when used in funding items procured through DOD procurement accounts, is called incremental funding. Such a strategy would reduce the financial strain that procurement of CVN-21 would place on the Navy budget in any single year.

 

Congress, however, imposed the full funding policy on DOD in the 1950s in part to end the use of incremental funding in defense procurement, because it was viewed as having disadvantages in terms of reducing DOD budgeting discipline and making the total costs of weapons less visible. For a discussion, see CRS Report RL31404, Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy -- Background, Issues, and Options for Congress, by Ronald O'Rourke and Stephen Daggett.

 

5. For more on the DD(X) and LHA(R) programs, see CRS Report RS21059, Navy DD(X) Destroyer Program: Background and Issues for Congress, by Ronald O'Rourke, CRS Report RL32109, Navy DD(X) and LCS Ship Acquisition Programs: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress, by Ronald O'Rourke, and CRS Report RL32513, Navy-Marine Corps Amphibious and Maritime Prepositioning Ship Programs: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress, by Ronald O'Rourke.

 

6. For more discussion, see CRS Report RL32776, op. cit.

 

7.  For more on the OFT report, including these two proposed carriers, see CRS Report RL32814, Navy Force Architecture and Ship Acquisition: Selected FY2006 Issues for Congress, by Ronald O'Rourke.

 

8. For more discussion, see CRS Report RL32731, op cit.

 

9. For legislative activity relating to the issue of the size of the carrier force, see CRS Report RL32731, op cit.

 

10. For additional discussion of incremental funding in the procurement of Navy ships, see CRS Report RL32914, Navy Ship Acquisition: Options for Lower-Cost Ship Design -- Issues for Congress, by Ronald O'Rourke, and CRS Report RL31404, op cit.

 

CHAPTER I PHOTOS

 

 

070323-N-8544C-097 MAYPORT, Fla. (March 23, 2007) - Distinguished visitors and guests attend the historical decommissioning ceremony of the aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67). Kennedy served its country with more than 38 years of service and 18 official deployments. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Susan Cornell (RELEASED) http://www.navy.mil/view_imagex.asp?id=44332&t=1

 

070116-N-3642E-063 Washington, D.C. (Jan. 16, 2007) - Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV), the Honorable Dr. Donald C. Winter speaks to an audience of 300 during the official naming ceremony of the USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78), the first aircraft carrier in the Ford class of carriers. U.S. Navy photo by Chief Mass Communication Specialist Shawn P. Eklund (RELEASED) http://www.navy.mil/view_imagex.asp?id=42110&t=1

 

The US Navy's programme CVN-21 for the future-generation aircraft carrier programme was previously known as the CVN(X).

 

Ref. 8-SH - LCDR Gerald Ford, who later became the 38th President of the United States (1974–1977) in uniform, 1945. Ford received his commission as an Ensign in the U.S Naval Reserve on 13 April 1942 and later participated in many actions in the Pacific aboard the fast aircraft carrier USS Monterey (CVL-26). He was eventually released from active duty under honorable conditions in February 1946. President Ford, 93, passed away on 26 December 2006 at his home in Rancho Mirage, Calif. DOD photo (# 061227-N-0000X-003). NS027805a. Robert M. Cieri http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/027805a.jpg

 

Ref. 8A-SH - CVN-78 is named after Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. (1913–2006), 38th President of the United States of America (1974–1977). Gerald R. Ford, Jr. became the fourth consecutive President to have served in the US Navy. He was the first vice president in American history to succeed to the nation's highest office because of the resignation of a president, and he was the first person to occupy the White House without being elected either president or vice president. He viewed himself as "a moderate in domestic affairs, a conservative in fiscal affairs, and a dyed-in-the-wool internationalist in foreign affairs." Ford acted vigorously to maintain US power and prestige after the collapse of Cambodia and South Vietnam. Preventing a new war in the Middle East remained a major objective. Detente with the Soviet Union continued. On Inauguration Day his successor, President Carter, began his speech: "For myself and for our Nation, I want to thank my predecessor for all he has done to heal our land." NS027805. DOD File photo # 061227-D-0000X-001. http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/027805.jpg

 

Service members, crew, their families and distinguished guests bow their heads as Navy CAPT Jerome Hinson gives a benediction during the ship's christening ceremony. The Ford class brings improved war fighting capacity, quality of life improvements and reduced acquisition and life cycle costs. Newport News, Va., 9 November 2013. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Patrick Grieco (# 131109-N-VT117-043). NS027821i. Submitted by: Robert M. Cieri. http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/027821i.jpg

 

Tens of thousands of Navy supporters attend the christening ceremony of the aircraft carrier Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) at Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Va., 9 November 2013. The first in the Ford-class carriers, CVN-78 is scheduled to join the fleet in 2016. U.S. Navy photo by Chief Mass Communication Specialist Peter D. Lawlor (# 131109-N-WL435-370). NS027821j. Submitted by: Robert M. Cieri. http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/027821j.jpg

 

Builder's original logo. NS027822b. Submitted by: Ron Reeves and Howard Weitzell. http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/027822b.jpg

 

Ship's crest and motto, "Integrity at the Helm." NS027822. Submitted by: Ron Reeves & Wolfgang Hechler. http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/027822.jpg

 

Ship's patch. NS027822a. Submitted by: Howard Weitzell. http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/027822a.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U. S. AIRCRAFT CARRIER SHIP HISTORY (1920 to 2016)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 USS CORAL SEA (CV 43)

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw, A Sailors tale of his Tour of duty in the U.S. Navy (August 1977 to February 1983)

 

A Sailors tale of his Tour of duty in the U.S. Navy - Operation Evening Light And Eagle Claw -

 

Book - ISBN NO.

978-1-4276-0454-5

EBook - ISBN NO.

978-1-329-15473-5

 

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw (24 April 1980) Iran and Air Arm History (1941 to Present)

 

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw (24 April 1980) Iran and Air Arm History (1941 to Present)

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-19945-3

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA  Vol. I (10 July 1944 to 31 December 1975)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA Vol. I (10 July 1944 to 31 December 1975) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-54596-0

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. II (1 January 1976 to 25 August 1981)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. II (1 January 1976 to 25 August 1981) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-54790-2

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. III (20 August 1981 to 26 April 1990)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. III (20 August 1981 to 26 April 1990) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

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EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-55111-4

 

U. S. AIRCRAFT CARRIER SHIP HISTORY (1920 to 2016)

 

U. S. AIRCRAFT

CARRIER SHIP

HISTORY (1920 to 2016)

 

Book - ISBN NO.

978-1-4276-0465-1

EBook - ISBN NO.

978-1-365-25019-4

Library of Congress

Control Number: 

2008901616

(Book Version)

 

U. S. AIRCRAFT CARRIERS REDESIGNATED AND OR RECLASSIFIED (1953 to 2016)

 

U. S. AIRCRAFT

CARRIERS

REDESIGNATED

AND OR

RECLASSIFIED

(1953 to 2016)

 

BOOK - ISBN NO.

978-1-4276-0452-1

EBook - ISBN NO.

978-1-365-25041-5

Library of Congress

(Book Version)

2008901619