Iran History & Air Arm

U.S. Aircraft Carriers “WestPac,” Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea Deployments

Chapter XXXIII (1 January 1978 to 3 November 1979)

Part II (1 July 1978 to 17 February 1979)

 USS CORAL SEA (CV 43)

U.S. Aircraft Carriers “WestPac,” Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea Deployments (Indian Ocean operations keeping the peace in the Middle East during which time riots against the shah's regime took place in several Iranian cities, resulting in the Iranian revolution with control of Iran shifting to Ayatollah Khomeini; followed by the Shah of Iran’s admission into the U. S.  (22 October 1979) for medical treatment which touched off a huge demonstration in Tehran demanding his extradition and on the morning of 4 November 1979, exactly one year before the United States Presidential election, a mob of around 3,000 students stormed the U.S. embassy gate in Tehran, overran the guards, and took the sixty-six people inside hostage, in the name of Ayatollah Khomeini), and a $80,000,000 11 month overhaul at Puget Sound Naval Ship Yard, Bremerton, Washington for CV-43 and upon conclusion sailed for Alameda, Ca. 8 February 1979, arriving the next day; underwent overhaul on 6 March 1978, during which the last of her 5-inch battery and all gun directors were removed, followed by Refresher Training and CarQuals with Carrier Air Wing FIFTEEN (CVW-15) embarked, to include many visits at NASNI, San Diego, Ca.

(Iran History & Air Arm)

Chapter XXXIII (1 January 1978 to 3 November 1979)

Part I (1 January 1978 to 30 June 1978)

Part II (1 July 1978 to 17 February 1979)

Part III (18 February to 3 November 1979)

 

 

    “CVW-15 assigned to the operational control of USS Kitty Hawk (CV 63) and Kitty Hawk, hosted 22 members of the Encanto, California Boys Club for a tour of the ship on 1 July 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

     “After a period of local operations in the South China Sea, USS Enterprise (CVN-65) sailed for the Indian Ocean on 5 July 1978. Rear Adm. Tissot, Commander Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (ComCarStrFor7thFlt), embarked on board Enterprise, as senior officer afloat, while Kitty Hawk hosted 7 members’ of the Native American Indian Parade Committee for a tour of the ship on 5 July  and the following 25 Canadian Sea Cadets for lunch and a tour of the ship on 6 July 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

     “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted Fortress Warrior IV on 9 July, encountering a Soviet AGs Antares and Agor Nevelskoy and Ropucha-class tank landing ship (No.383) the same day, transiting the Strait of Malacca on 12 July 1978 and entered the Indian Ocean on her eighth voyage since her commission, the next day” (Ref. 362D).

 

    “On 15 July 1978, an F-14 ("NG 107") from VF-211 crashed into the sea whilst operating from the USS Constellation (CV-64)” (Ref. 84A).

 

 

USS Nimitz (CVN-68) sometime during her second Med deployment, December 1, 1977 – July 20, 1978. Note F-14A Tomcats from VF-41 "Black Aces" vice F-4J Phantom II's. NS026879 151k. The original is a 35mm slide (ASA 64). Michael J. Kubat, CDR, USN, Ret.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/026879.jpg

 

Iran Air Arm

“The IIAF Tomcats bore the US Navy serial numbers of 160299/160378, and were assigned the IIAF serial numbers 3-863 to 3-892 and 3-6001 to 3-6050. The last of 79 Tomcats were delivered to Iran in 1978. One Iranian Tomcat (BuNo 170378) was retained in the USA for use as a testbed. Iran also ordered 714 Phoenix missiles, but only 284 had been delivered at the time of the Revolution. These Phoenix missiles were of slightly-reduced capability as compared with those delivered to the US Navy” (Ref. 28).

 

“On or about 21 July 1978, four Iranian CH-47C Chinooks penetrated 15-20 km into Soviet airspace in the Turkimenistan Military District. They were first intercepted by Soviet MiG-23M pilot A.V. Dem'janov, who mistakenly identified them as Soviet helicopters” (Ref. 25).

 

The helicopters were intercepted a little later by MiG-23M pilot V.I. Shkinder. He fired two R-60 (AA-8 Aphid) missiles, shooting down one Chinook, killing eight crewmembers. He then fired his GSh-23L 23mm cannon at another Chinook, forcing it to land near Gjaurs. The four crewmembers of this helicopter survived, but were captured by Soviet border guards. The remaining two Chinooks escaped back into Iranian airspace. Shortly thereafter, the Soviets allowed the damaged Chinook (5-4092) to be repaired by Iranians. This helicopter and its four crewmembers were then allowed to return home” (Ref. 25).

 

“In late 1978, Iran placed an order for an additional 50 helicopters with Elicotteri Meridionali, but that order was cancelled immediately after the revolution” (25).

 

“Through military training, arms sales, and economic treaties, the U.S. pumped money and personnel into Iran, all the while overlooking the fact that the vast majority of people did not approve of the Shah's government. Understandably, anti-Shah sentiments thus translated into anti-Americanism” (Ref. 7- Hostage Crisis in Iran, Jimmy Carter) Library).

 

 

San Diego, 1977. NS026441 46k. Richard Miller BMCS USNR Ret.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/026441.jpg

 

 

USS Constellation (CV-64), Yokosuka, Japan, 11 November 1977. Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 9. Seen from USS Jouett (CG-29). NS026400 28k. Carl T. Orbann.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/026400.jpg

 

 

USS Constellation (CV-64) pier side at NAS North Island, San Diego, July–August 1978. NS026400a 24k. Richard Stiles.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/026400b.jpg

 

 

USS Constellation (CV-64) pier side at NAS North Island, San Diego, July–August 1978. NS026400c 51k. Richard Stiles.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/026400c.jpg

 

 

USS Constellation (CV-64) pier side at NAS North Island, San Diego, July–August 1978. NS026489 117k. NS026489 117k. Richard Stiles.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/026489.jpg

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted 16 Explorer Scouts from Post 576 for a tour of the ship on 13 July; 75 members of Bombing Squadron Two during their reunion for a tour of the shi on 15 July; 32 NJROTC cadets from Laverne, California and 16 Explorer Scouts from Tempe, Arizona for a tour of the ship on 19 July; 20 Bluejacket Cadets from West Covina, California for a tour of the ship on 23 July and hosted 9 U. S. Navy Midshipman for a tour of the ship on 27 July 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

    “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) gave her pollywogs a chance to become shellbacks by crossing the equator on 27 July 1978. Two days later, she conducted a helo logistics lift from Diego Garcia, and while in the area, RVAH-1 flew five photographic reconnaissance missions for “mapping and orientation of Diego Garcia and all other island groups within the Chagos Archipelago”” (Ref. 362D).    

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted 25 Explorer Scouts from Glendale, Arizona for a 3 tour of the ship on 3 August and 45 Civil Air Patrol Cadets from Pomona, California for lunch for a tour of the ship on 5 August 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

“On August 9, 1978, Jimmy Carter proclaims the federal loan intended to help raise New York City from bankruptcy. Broadcast on NBC-TV (News)” (Ref. 12).

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted 40 La Mesa, California Assembly of God Church members for a tour of the ship on 10 August; 500 members of the Bonanza Aircraft Association for a tour of the ship on 12 August; 15 members of Explorer Scout Troop 7PI8, Whittier, California for a tour of the ship on 16 August; Commander L. LeDoux and 6 Friends of the Navy visited the ship for a tour on 17 August, while Kitty Hawk hosted 20 members of the Sonobuoy Fleet Support Management Team for a tour of the ship on 22 August 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) arrives NAS Cubi Point, Subic Bay, Philippines

 

     “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) returned to NAS Cubi Point, Subic Bay, Philippines on 26 August 1978” (Ref. 362D).    

 

“On September 1, 1978, Jimmy Carter addresses a joint session of Congress on the result of the Camp David summit with Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin” (Ref. 12).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted Mr. Y. "Jake" Yamada for a tour of the ship on 8 September; 100 Space and Missile Systems Office members and dependents for lunch and a tour of the ship on 10 September;  20 members of a San Diego children's soccer team for a tour of the ship on 11 September and 34 USAF officers and cadets for the USAF Academy for lunch and a tour of the ship and Rear Admiral C. R. Bell, Director Naval Communications Division visited on 15 September 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) departs NAS Cubi Point, Subic Bay, Philippines

 

     “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) stood out of NAS Cubi Point, Subic Bay, Philippines after visiting from 26 August to 15 September 1978, toward Okinawa and ReadiEx 1-79 on 16 September 1978” (Ref. 362D).    

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted 75 members and dependents of the General Dynamics/Convair National Management Association for a tour of the ship on 23 September 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

     “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) commenced participation in ReadiEx 1-79, a “scaled down” exercise on 24 September 1978 off Okinawa” (Ref. 362D).     

 

 

USS Constellation (CV-64) deploying to WestPac with Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 9, 26 September 1978. NS026490a. Presented by Richard Stiles.Official photo purchased aboard USS Constellation (CV-64) in 1981. Judging from Air Wing composition, it must have been taken in 1978–1979. NS026490a 65k. Paul Jarvis.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/026490a.jpg

 

USS Constellation (CV-64) with CVW-9 embarked departs on “WestPac”

 

   “USS Constellation (CV-64) (Connie) with CVW-9 embarked departed Naval Air Station, North Island (NASNI), San Diego, California 26 September 1978, with Captain Paul F. McCarthy Jr., USN, as Commanding Officer, on her 11th “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet in the far east participating in RIMPAC 79, on her 9th South China Sea South deployment, her second Indian Ocean deployment in what would turn out to be an extended deployment when she and her escorts were ordered to the Gulf of Aden via the Indian Ocean on 7 March 1979 in response to the conflict between North and South Yemen; reclassified to CV-56 on 1 July 1975; made seven Vietnam Combat Cruises in Vietnam, during the Vietnam Conflict/War, received a Presidential Unit Citation from President Nixon in 1973. She will under go her 13th deployment since her commission at New York Naval Shipyard on 27 October 1961, with Captain T.J. Walker in command” (Ref. 1-Constellation, 72 & 76).

 

USS Constellation (CV-64) with CVW-9 (NG) 

SQUADRON

SQUADRON NICK NAME & PRIMARY

ROLE

AIRCRAFT DESIGN

NICK NAME &

PRIMARY ROLE

TAIL

CODE

Modex

AIRCRAFT

DESIGNATION

VF-211

Checkmates -

Fighter Squadron

Grumman - Tomcat -

Jet Fighter

NG100

F-14A

VF-24

Red Checkertails -

Fighter Squadron

Grumman - Tomcat -

Jet Fighter

NG200

F-14A

VA-146

Blue Diamonds -                Attack Squadron

Vought - Corsair II -

Jet attack aircraft

NG300

A-7E

VA-147

Argonauts -

Attack Squadron

Vought - Corsair II -

Jet attack aircraft

NG400

A-7E

VA-165

Boomers -

Attack Squadron

Grumman - Intruder -

Jet Attack Bomber - Tanker

NG500

A-6E / KA-6D

VAW-126

Closeouts - Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron

Grumman - Hawkeye - Electronics

600

E-2C

VFP-63 Det. 3

Eyes of the Fleet -

Light Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron

Vought - Crusader -

Jet Fighter - Reconnaissance

610

RF-8G

VAQ-132

Scorpions - Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron

Grumman - Prowler -

Jet Attack Bomber - Special electronic installation

620

EA-6B

VS-37

Sawbucks - Air Anti-Submarine Squadron

Lockheed - Viking - Anti-Submarine

700

S-3A

HS-6

Indians - Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron

Sikorsky - Sea King - Anti-submarine

720

SH-3H

COD

Transport

 

737

US-3A

 

 

 “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted Wing Commander Alcock and Wing Commander Emerson for lunch and a tour of the ship on 26 September and 75 San Diego Jaycees f or a visit of the ship and Robert Casey, Treasurer of the State of Pennsylvania for a tour of the ship on 27 September 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

“On September 28, 1978 at a Press conference, Jimmy Carter discusses the Near East, energy policy, rail strike, popularity polls, Black Caucus, Humphrey-Hawkins, SALT, GSA and other scandals, inflation, interest rates, unemployment, and steel imports” (Ref. 12).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) concludes SRA at Pier LIMA, NAS North Island, San Diego, Ca. and conducts Sea Trials

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) conducted Selected Restricted Availability (SRA) at Pier LIMA, NAS North Island, San Diego, California from 15 June to 2 October 1978, conducting Fast Cruise from 1 to 2 October 1978, with Sea Trials, commencing on the 3rd” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) conducted UNREP with USS Wichita (AOR-1) on 4 October 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) arrives NAS Cubi Point, Subic Bay, Philippines

 

     “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) pulled into port for mooring at NAS Cubi Point, Subic Bay, Philippines on 5 October 1978, TF 77 and ComCarGru-5 disembarked” (Ref. 362D).    

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) concludes Sea Trials, SRA completed, returns to NAS North Island, San Diego, Ca.

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returned to Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California, conducting Sea Trials from 3 to 5 October 1978. Ships Force Own Maintenance System (SFOMS) Department disbanded, marking the end of Selected Restricted Availability (SRA) at Pier LIMA, NAS North Island conducted from 15 June to 2 October 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted 388 Boy Scouts of America, their parents, and adult leaders for a God and Country Award ceremony, lunch, and a tour of the ship during which time Mr. R. T. Tate, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Communications, Command and Control visited on 7 October 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) departs NAS Cubi Point, Subic Bay, Philippines

 

     “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) stood out of NAS Cubi Point, Subic Bay, Philippines after a short visit beginning on the 5th, for the South China Sea on 9 October 1978, for storm evasion” (Ref. 362D).    

 

“On October 10, 1978 at a Press conference, Jimmy Carter discusses mainly domestic issues including energy Russian dissidents inflation ERA cabinet office of education Head Start program Egypt-Israel peace Iran Governor Lamb of Colorado tax-cuts and Rhodesia. Broadcast on CBS-TV” (Ref. 12).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) remained inport Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California from 6 to 10 October 1978, during which time the crew dressed the ship in honor of Columbus Day on 9 October 1978; hosting an Eagle Scout Award ceremony for Brad England in the wardroom on 10 October 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) departs NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. for ISE

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) departed Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California on 11 October 1978, for Independent Steaming (ISE), but were cut short due to engineering problems caused by installation of SHIPALT CV-63 5153D during the SRA. The ship returned to port on 12 October 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

     “After evading a storm, USS Enterprise (CVN-65) returned to NAS Cubi Point, Subic Bay, Philippines on 12 October 1978, for a brief stop for loading, before getting underway for her return to the United States” (Ref. 362D).    

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) crew dressed the ship in honor of the Navy's birthday on 13 October 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

 

Starting in 2003 this photo circulated the Internet captioned as a Navy new "Terrorist Catch and Release Program." In fact, it was taken in October 1978, as the Big E was leaving the Philippines to return to the US for what was considered "the most extensive and highly complex overhaul" of the ship's history to date (1979–1982.) The world was not very environmentally-concerned in 1978 and this was seen as an acceptable way to get rid of an old, no longer needed car. It has been hotly argued what the brand and model of the car were — looks like it actually was a 1963 Plymouth Savoy. NS026546 75k. Kegan Connick.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/026546.jpg

 

     “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) chopped to Com3rdFlt and rendezvoused with USS Constellation (CV-64) on 18 October 1978” (Ref. 362D).     

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returns to NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. after Engineering Casualty shorting ISE

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) remained inport Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California from 13 to 20 October 1978, conducting Independent Steaming (ISE) on the 11th, a short voyage due to engineering problems caused by installation of SHIPALT CV-63 5153D during the SRA. Partial fixes to the engineering plant were effected and Kitty Hawk departed San Diego on 20 October 1978, for Independent Steaming (ISE) and carrier landings of the new work-up cycle; completing her Training Readiness Evaluation (TRE) the same day” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) arrives Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

 

     “On 22 October 1978, USS Enterprise (CVN-65) moored at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, embarking 150 crewmembers’ sons for a Tiger Cruise” (Ref. 362D).     

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) first carrier landing of the new training/workup cycle occurred on 23 October 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) departs Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

 

     “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) moored at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, embarking 150 crewmembers’ sons for a Tiger Cruise from 22 to 24 October 1978” (Ref. 362D).    

 

“On October 24, 1978, Jimmy Carter gives a speech on inflation with commentary by reporters Frank Reynolds and Dan Coortz. Broadcast on ABC TV” (Ref. 12).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) conducted UNREP with USS Taluga (TAO-62) on 24 October and hosted 15 Naval Weapons Center, China Lake employees for a ship orientation visit on 25 October 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) conducted UNREP with USS Taluga (TAO-62) on 28 October; USS Robison (DDG-12) on 29 October and USS Mauna Kea (AE-22) and hosted on 8 San Diego area Rotarians for an orientation visit to the ship while at sea on 30 October 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) with CVW-14 embarked arrived on “WestPac”

 

     “Following a four-day ammunition backload with fast combat support ship USS Camden (AOE 2) and USS Enterprise (CVN-65) with CVW-14 embarked arrived Naval Air Station, Alameda, California 30 October 1978, with Captain James W. Austin as the Commanding Officer, ending her ninth “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, participating in Fortress Warrior I, Fortress Warrior II, Exercise Cope Thunder, Fortress Warrior IV and ReadiEx 1-79, on her eighth Indian Ocean voyage. Reclassified CVN-65 on 30 June 1975; made maiden landings and take-offs, the first operational aircraft on 18 March 1974, since completion of an extensive refit to support a wing of the new F-14 fighters at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash. (12 June 1973 by March 1974); made six South China Sea deployments and six Vietnam Combat Cruises during the Vietnam Conflict/War operating with the 7th Fleet; ending her third Indian Ocean voyage on her fifth “WestPac;’’ arriving Alameda, California, steaming from Newport News Shipbuilding Company, Newport News, Virginia, upon completion of her second refueling, steaming from the North/South Atlantic and the South & Western Pacific via Cape Horn, on her second Southern Atlantic and ninth deployment; arriving Newport News, Virginia upon conclusion of her eighth deployment and first Southern Atlantic deployment from Alameda, California; transferring to the Pacific Fleet upon conclusion of her first Vietnam Combat Cruise and second Indian Ocean voyage; completed her First Refueling and Major Overhaul at Newport News Shipbuilding Company, Newport News, Virginia, and made preparation for her transfer to the Pacific Fleet to provide support to the growing war in Vietnam; returned to Newport News Shipbuilding Company, Newport News, Virginia, and underwent her first refueling and overhaul in October 1964; making one World Cruise ending on her third Mediterranean Sea deployment operating with the 6th Fleet and first Indian Ocean voyage; ending her first Caribbean Sea voyage on her first Mediterranean Sea deployment and her first Southern Atlantic deployment on her Shakedown Cruise (5 February 1962 to 5 April 1962) operating with the United States Atlantic Command (Atlantic Fleet) under the direction of the 2nd Fleet. Her 16th deployment since her commission on November 25, 1961 (4 April to 30 October 1978)” (Ref. 1-Enterprise & 72).

 

“On November 2, 1978, Jimmy Carter campaigns in New York City on the issues of inflation, and meets for lunch with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. Broadcast on CBS TV News” (Ref. 12).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) conducted UNREP with USS Mauna Kea a (AE-22) on 31 October and on 1 November and USS Taluga (TAO-62) on 2 November 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returns to NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. after completing ISE and carrier landings of the new work-up cycle

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returned to Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California on the morning of 3 November 1978, conducting Independent Steaming (ISE) and carrier landings of the new work-up cycle from 20 October to 3 November 1978. The first carrier landing of the new work-up cycle occurred on 23 October 1978. Kitty Hawk conducted UNREP with USS Taluga (TAO-62) on 24 October and on 28 October 1978; UNREP with USS Robison (DDG-12) on 29 October; USS Mauna Kea (AE-22) on 30 October and on 31 October; USS Mauna Kea a (AE-22) on 1 November and USS Taluga (TAO-62) on 2 November 1978. Kitty Hawk crewmembers contributed or pledged a total of $29,696.96 to the Combined Federal Campaign on 3 November 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted 50 Arizona medical students for a tour of the ship on 4 November; 150 U. S. Navy Service School Command students for a tour of the ship on 6 and on 7 November and 75 Annual Forces Communication Equipments Association members for a tour of the ship on 9 November 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

    “USS Midway (CVA-41) with Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked conducted Fleet Activities Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan) from 23 May to 9 November 1978” (Ref. 72).

 

USS Midway (CV-41) with CVW-5 embarked departs for WestPac

 

     “USS Midway (CV-41) with Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-70), Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-77), Surface Combatant Force, Seventh Fleet (Task Force 75) & Carrier Group Five, Commander DESRON 15 and Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked departed Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan) 9 November 1978, with Captain Thomas Francis Brown III, NAVCAD, as Commanding Officer, on her 21st WestPac and her 15th deployment as the U. S. Navy’s forward-deployed carrier operating with the 7th Fleet; redesignated CV-41, reclassifying a Multi-Purpose aircraft carrier on 30 June 1975. She will under go her 18th deployment since her second recommission on 31 January 1970, following completion of a four-year conversion-modernization at the San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard, arriving on 11 February 1966, ending the year of 1965 upon arrival from her sixth “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, on her first Vietnam Combat Cruise in the Far East; making three Vietnam Combat Cruises operating with the 7th Fleet during the Vietnam Conflict/War; ending her eighth “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, on her third South China Sea deployment, her third Vietnam Combat Cruise in the Far East. She will under go her 24th deployment since her first recommission upon completion of SCB-110 (August 1955 to 30 September 1957), decommissioning in August 1955 upon completion of her World Cruise for a five month SCB-110 modernization that included new innovations such as an enclosed bow and an angled flight deck to be installed at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton Washington; redesignated CVA-41 on 1 October 1952. She will under go her 37th deployment since her commission 10 September 1945, having the destination of being the lead ship of her class, and the first to be commissioned after the end of lead ship of her class, and the first to be commissioned after the end of World War II” (Ref. 1-Midway & 72).

 

USS Midway (CV-41) with CVW-5 (NF)

(9 November to 23 December 1978)

Hull No. /

Fleet

Foreign Water Fleet

Deployment

 Air Wing

Tail

Code

Depart

Return

Days at Sea

Fleet D. No.

USS Midway (CV-41) – 7th (Forward Deployed)

21st WestPac

CVW-5

NF

9 Nov 1978

23 Dec 1978

Western Pacific

37th FWFD

45-days

 

SQUADRON

SQUADRON NICK NAME & PRIMARY

ROLE

AIRCRAFT DESIGN

NICK NAME &

PRIMARY ROLE

TAIL

CODE

Modex

AIRCRAFT

DESIGNATION

VF-161

Chargers -

Fighter Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Phantom II Jet Fighter

NF100

F-4J

VF-151

Vigilantes -

Fighter Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Phantom II Jet Fighter

NF200

F-4J

VA-93

Ravens - Attack Squadron

Vought - Corsair II -

Jet Attack Aircraft

NF300

A-7E

VA-56

Champions -

Attack Squadron

Vought - Corsair II -

Jet Attack Aircraft

NF400

A-7E

VA-115

Eagles - Attack Squadron

Grumman - Intruder -

Jet Attack Bomber - Tanker

NF500

A-6E / KA-6D

VAW-115

Liberty Bells - Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron

Grumman - Hawkeye - Electronics

601-604

E-2B

VMFP-3 Det.

Eyes of the Corps - Marines Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Phantom II Jet Fighter - Reconnaissance

(RF)

610

RF-4B

VMAQ-2 Det.

Playboys - Marines Electronics Warfare

Grumman - Intruder - Jet Attack Bomber - Special electronic installation

(CY)

620

EA-6A

HC-1 Det. 2

Pacific Fleet Angels - Helicopter Combat Support Squadron

Sikorsky - Sea King -

Anti-submarine

722-727

SH-3G

 

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) remained inport Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California from 4 to 12 November, hosting 200 adult leaders of the Boy Scouts of America for a Scout Leader awards ceremony, a tour, and dinner on 11 November 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) departs NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. for REFTRA and CARQUAL in the SOLCAL OPERA

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) departed Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California on 13 November 1978, for Refresher Training (REFTRA) and Carrier Qualifications (CARQUAL)” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) conducted UNREP with USS Taluga (TAO-62) on 16 November and hosted 2 Navy League members for an orient tion visit while at sea on 18 November 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

     “On 20 November 1978, USS Coral Sea (CV-43) suffers a fire of unknown origin while moored at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash., which causes damage to the medical and dental spaces” (Ref. 84A).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) conducted UNREP with USS Taluga (TAO-62) on 21 November 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returns NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. after completing REFTRA and CARQUAL in the SOLCAL OPERA

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returned to Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California on 30 November 1978, conducting Refresher Training (REFTRA) and Carrier Qualifications (CARQUAL), completed satisfactorily from 13 to 22 November 1978. Kitty Hawk conducted UNREP with USS Taluga (TAO-62) on 16 November and USS Taluga (TAO-62) on 21 November 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) remained inport Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California from 23 to 26 November 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) departs NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. for REFTRA and CARQUAL in the SOLCAL OPERA

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) departed Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California on 27 November 1978, for Refresher Training (REFTRA) and Carrier Qualifications (CARQUAL)” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) got underway from Naval Air Station, Alameda, California for CARQUALS in the SOLCAL OPERA

 

    Following her standdown, USS Enterprise (CVN-65) got underway from Naval Air Station, Alameda, California, for carrier qualifications in the southern California operating area on 28 November 1978” (Ref. 362D).     

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) conducted UNREP with USS Taluga (TAO-62) on 30 November 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returns NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. after completing REFTRA and CARQUAL in the SOLCAL OPERA

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returned to Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California on 30 November 1978, conducting Refresher Training (REFTRA) and Carrier Qualifications (CARQUAL), completed satisfactorily from 27 to 30 November 1978. Kitty Hawk conducted UNREP with USS Taluga (TAO-62) on 30 November 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

“On November 31, 1978 at a Press conference, Jimmy Carter says he's disappointed with delays in Mideast settlement, skirts comment on Guyana Peopl'e Temple tragedy, comments on inflation and the high standard of living. Broadcast on CBS TV” (Ref. 12).

 

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) docking at North Island NAS on 2 December 1978, as seen from USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63). USS Belleau Wood (LHA-3) is in background. NS0265ak 110k. Richard Stiles.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/0265ak.jpg

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) arrived NAS, NI, California for a brief visit

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) pulled in for a  brief stop at Naval Air Station, North Island, California on 2 December 1978” (Ref. 362D).     

 

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) made a brief stop at Naval Air Station, North Island, California from 2 to 4 December. Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted 16 La Jolla Junior High School students and 12 adults’ escorts’ f for a tour of the ship on 3 December 1978” (Ref. 362D).     

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted 125 San Diego area businessmen for lunch and a tour of the ship on 5 December 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

    CVW-11 flew on board USS Enterprise (CVN-65) on 6 December 1978, conducting refresher operations” (Ref. 362D).    

 

    “Off Baja, Calif., USS Ranger (CV-61) experiences an explosion and flash fire during fleet exercises 6 December 1978, which result in minor burns to nine crewmen” (Ref. 84A).

 

    “On 6 December 1978, visitors aboard USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) included: Mr. Tadashi Kume, President, Honda Research and Development; Mr. Kinya Nakadawa, President, Honda of California; Mr. Yutaka Ikeda, Honda Design Engineer” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

 

Underway off Southern California, 11 December 1978. Enterprise was conducting carrier qualifications and refresher operations for Carrier Air Wing 11 (CVW-11); the ship also completed her mine readiness certification two days later. Photographed by PH3 Ted Kappler. Official U.S. Navy Photograph (# KN-27606). NS026534 104k. Scott Dyben.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/026534.jpg

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) departs NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. for ISE

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) remained inport Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California from 1 to 11 December, departing Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California on 12 December 1978, for Independent Steaming Exercises (ISE)” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

“On December 12, 1978, Jimmy Carter gives a press conference on energy, Middle East, Congress, Nicaragua, Namibia, political conventions, national health care, oil prices, economy, Ted Kennedy, Iran, SALT. Broadcast on ABC TV” (Ref. 12).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) completed her mine readiness certification on 13 December 1978” (Ref. 362D).     

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returns to NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. after completing ISE

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returned to Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California on 14 December 1978, conducting Independent Steaming Exercises (ISE) from 12 to 14 December 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

“On December 15, 1978, Jimmy Carter announces full diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China and the closing of relations with the government of Taiwan. Reporters Walter Cronkite, Bernard Kalb, and Marvin Kalb also discuss the new relationship with China” (Ref. 12).

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) returns to Naval Air Station, Alameda, California after completing CARQUALS in the SOLCAL OPERA

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) returned to Naval Air Station, Alameda, California for the holidays on 16 December 1978, conducting carrier qualifications in the southern California operating area from 28 November to 15 December 1978, with a brief stop at North Island over the 2nd to 4th. CVW-11 flew on board on 6 December, conducting refresher operations, the ship also completing her mine readiness certification on the 13th” (Ref. 362D).

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted 350 Navy League and Association of Naval Aviation members for a commemorative ceremony of the 75th anniversary of the Wright brothers flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on 17 December 1978, with a tour of the ship, and refreshments. With the holiday season rapidly approaching, the officers and men of Kitty Hawk could be proud of their 1978 achievements, knowing they were true professionals, each ready to "PRESS ON" into the New Year” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

    “Rear Admiral W. H. Rogers, United States Navy (Retired) visited USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) on 21 December and Kitty Hawk hosted approximately 1500 dependents (550 children and 950 adults) for a Christmas Party on the hangar Deck on 25 December. Kitty Hawk remained inport Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California from 15 to 31 December 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Midway (CV-41) with CVW-5 embarked arrived from WestPac

 

    “On 23 December 1978, USS Midway (CV-41) with Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-70), Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-77), Surface Combatant Force, Seventh Fleet (Task Force 75) & Carrier Group Five, Commander DESRON 15 and Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked arrived Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan), with Captain Thomas Francis Brown III, NAVCAD, as Commanding Officer, ending her 21st WestPac and her 15th deployment as the U. S. Navy’s forward-deployed carrier operating with the 7th Fleet. Ports of call not reported. Squadrons: VF-161, F-4J; VF-151, F-4J; VA-93, A-7E; VA-56, A-7E; VA-115, A-6A / KA-6D; VAW-115, E-2B; VMFP-3 Det., RF-4B; VMAQ-2 Det., EA-6A and HC-1 Det. 2, SH-3G; redesignated CV-41, reclassifying a Multi-Purpose aircraft carrier on 30 June 1975. Her 18th deployment since her second recommission on 31 January 1970, following completion of a four-year conversion-modernization at the San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard, arriving on 11 February 1966, ending the year of 1965 upon arrival from her sixth “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, on her first Vietnam Combat Cruise in the Far East; making three Vietnam Combat Cruises operating with the 7th Fleet during the Vietnam Conflict/War; ending her eighth “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, on her third South China Sea deployment, her third Vietnam Combat Cruise in the Far East. Her 24th deployment since her first recommission upon completion of SCB-110 (August 1955 to 30 September 1957), decommissioning in August 1955 upon completion of her World Cruise for a five month SCB-110 modernization that included new innovations such as an enclosed bow and an angled flight deck to be installed at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton Washington; redesignated CVA-41 on 1 October 1952. Her 37th deployment since her commission 10 September 1945, having the destination of being the lead ship of her class, and the first to be commissioned after the end of lead ship of her class, and the first to be commissioned after the end of World War II (9 November to 23 December 1978)” (Ref. 1-Midway & 72).

 

09/11/78 to 23/12/78

AWARD OR CITATION

AWARD DATES

7Th FLEET Forward Deployed

Battle Efficiency Award (Navy "E" Ribbon), marking her as the outstanding carrier in the Pacific Fleet

Jul 1977 to Dec 1978

21st WestPac

Navy Unit Commendation

Indian Ocean

01 Jan 78 to 30 Jun 79

same

Sea Service Deployment Ribbon

Sea Service Deployment Ribbon.svg

Aug 74 to Aug 91

same

“The Sea Service Deployment Ribbon (SSDR) is a service award of the United States Navy which was established in May 1980 and retroactively authorized to August 1974. It was the first type of sea service ribbon established in the U.S. Armed Forces” (Ref..1181D).

Ref. 1181 & 1181C

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted approximately 1500 dependents (550 children and 950 adults) for a Christmas Party on the hangar Deck on 25 December. Kitty Hawk remained inport Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California from 15 to 31 December 1978” (Ref. 331B-1978).

 

USS Constellation (CV-64) and her escort ships were directed to the vicinity of Singapore in response to the internal crisis in Iran

 

    “On 27 December 1978, USS Constellation (CV-64) and her escort ships were directed to the vicinity of Singapore in response to the internal crisis in Iran and because of vital U.S. interests in the Arabian/Persian Gulf area” (Ref. 1-Constellation & 72).

The US Navy's Pacific and Seventh Fleet 1978 Aircraft Carriers scheduling of deployments, resulted in one CV deployment extending into 1979:

AIRCRAFT CARRIER

DEP

 AIR WING

TAIL CODE

DEPART

RETURN

Days at

Sea

USS Constellation (CV-64) - 7th (1st Gulf of Aden)

11th WestPac       9th SCS            2nd IO

CVW-9

NK

26 Sep 1978

17 May 1979

Western Pacific

Middle East

Iranian Crisis

234-days

RIMPAC 79 and deployment extended when she and her escorts were ordered to the Gulf of Aden via the Indian Ocean on 7 March 1979 in response to the conflict between North and South Yemen.

 

Ports of call include:

 

Squadrons: VF-211, F-14; VF-24; F-14; VA-146, A-7E; VA-147, A-7E; VA-165, A-6E / KA-6D; VAW-126, E-2C; VFP-63 Det. 3, RF-8G; VAQ-132, EA-6B; VS-37, S-3 A; HS-6, SH-3H and COD, US-3A.

 

The US Navy's Pacific and Seventh Fleet Aircraft Carriers Deployments for 1979 are:

 

AIRCRAFT CARRIER

DEP

 AIR WING

TAIL CODE

DEPART

RETURN

Days at

Sea

#USS Midway (CV-41) - 7th (Forward Deployed)

22nd WestPac

CVW-5

NF

11 Jan 1979

20 Feb 1979

Western Pacific

38th FWFD

41-days

Ports of call not reported.

 

Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-70), Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-77), Surface Combatant Force, Seventh Fleet (Task Force 75) & Carrier Group Five, Commander DESRON 15 and Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked Midway.

 

CVW-5 Squadrons: VF-161, F-4J; VF-151, F-4J; VA-93, A-7E; VA-56, A-7E; VA-115, A-6A / KA-6D; VAW-115, E-2B; VMFP-3 Det., RF-4B; VMAQ-2 Det., EA-6A and HC-1 Det. 2, SH-3G.

USS Ranger (CV-61) - 7th

14Th WestPac

CVW-2

NE

21 Feb 1979

22 Sep 1979

Western Pacific

214-days

CVW-2 Squadrons include: VF-154 “Black Knights,” F-4J; VF-21 “Free Lancers,” F-4J; VA-113 “Stingers,” A-7E; VA-25 “Fist of the Fleet,” A-7E; VA-145 “Swordsmen   A-6E/KA-6D; VAW-117 “Wallbangers,” E-2B; RVAH-7 (*1) “Peacemakers,” RA-5C; VAQ-137 “Rooks,” EA-6B; VS-29 “Dragonfires,” S-3A and HS-4 “Black Knights      SH-3H. (*1) disestablished on Sep.28, 1979.

-USS Midway (CV-41) - 7th Forward Deployed)

23rd WestPac 16th SCS

4th IO

CVW-5

NF

7 Apr 1979

18 Jun 1979

Western Pacific

Indian Ocean

73-days

Indian Ocean Contingency Carrier

 

Ports of calls include: Subic Bay, Republic of Philippines, U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay, a bay forming part of Luzon Sea on the west coast of the island of Luzon in Zambales, Philippines, about 100 kilometers northwest of Manila Bay and is a major ship-repair, supply, and rest and recreation facility of the United States Navy located in Olongapo, Zambales, Philippines and Diego Garcia, a tropical, footprint-shaped coral atoll located south of the equator in the central Indian Ocean. It is part of the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT).

 

Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-70), Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-77), Surface Combatant Force, Seventh Fleet (Task Force 75) & Carrier Group Five, Commander DESRON 15 and Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked Midway.

 

Squadrons: VF-161, F-4J; VF-151, F-4J; VA-93, A-7E; VA-56, A-7E; VA-115, A-6A / KA-6D; VAW-115, E-2B; VMFP-3 Det., RF-4B; VMAQ-2 Det., EA-6A and HC-1 Det. 2, SH-3G.

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) - 7th (1st Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf)

12th WestPac 11th SCS

1st IO

CVW-15

NH

30 May 1979

25 Feb 1980

Middle East

272-days

Tour of duty with the 7th Fleet

En route to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, Kitty Hawk conducted TRANSITEX 8-79 Phase I; TRANSITEX 8-79 II; MIDPAC operations and MISSILEX Barking Sands; followed by NSSMS shoot Barking Sands and SINEX of opportunity; TRANSITEX 8-79 Phase II: two ASW TACREAD’s; TRANSITEX 8-79 Phase III: ten ASW TSCWD’s and one ASLW TACREAD exorcises tested and developed Battle Croup AAW posture, enhanced ASW teamwork, and identified and rectified communications link shortcomings; FORTRESS WARRIOR; NOTNOEX, BEAVER SNARE, MINEX ALFA in the Bananga Bay; TORPEX in the Subic OPAREA; Beaver Snare in the South China Sea; READIEX LOADEX the South China Sea; air wing/refresher operations, extended range AAWEX’s associated with Exercise COPE THUNDER 79-8 in the South China Sea and Vietnamese refugee search and assistance operations; Exercise Fortress Cale; Exercise MISSILEX Poro Pt. in the South China Sea; Exercise BUZZARDEX 3-79 in the South China Sea on 20 August 1979 (Although the modified exercise provided the ship and air wing team’s first ASU training since the transit and included a well-executed anti-missile BUZZARDEX, no close air support training was accomplished during the exercise); Exercise Fortress Cale, a large-scale amphibious exercise in the Okinawa area for which the Kitty Hawk battle Group was tasked to provide air support; USN/ROKN MINEX/EODEX K4-79; operations in the East South China Sea and Philippine Sea, en route to the Philippines; MMR-1 economizer fire; MISSILEX Poro Pt.; Exercise BUSY STORM, an ASW encounter which provided valuable free play and tactical planning opportunities; MISSILEX Poro Pt.; Exercise NEWBOY 79-4 while at Subic Bay, Republic of Philippines; operations in the South China Sea and Philippine Sea en route to Yokosuka; CONRECEX 80-1, demonstrating the teamwork of the ship, Fleet Intelligence Support Center Western Pacific, Cubi Point, Republic of Philippines, and Fleet Air - Photo Lab, Cubi Point, operating in the Philippine Sea from 3 to 7 October, commencing AWEX80-1 in the South China Sea; BUZZAROEX 4-79 and AWEX 80-1 in the South China Sea; operations in the Philippine Sea and East China Sea; Air Wing FIFTEEN provided area surveillance support to MISSILKEX 2-80, an exercise including live missile firing by surface combatants in the Philippine Sea en route to Pusan Korea; MULTIPLEX 1-80 (The Korean contingency operations did force the cancellation of MULTIPLEX 1-80, scheduled for 27 to 31 October 1979, after only ten hours of Blue-Orange interaction. Before cancellation, however, significant long range AAW training was accomplished), canceling her participation of MultiPleEx 1-80 barely 10 hours into the exercise, coming about and steamed to a position in the East China Sea off Cheju Do, southwest coast of the Korean in response to the assassination of South Korean President Park Chung Hee; CASEX (Okinawa) and USN/ROKIN MINEX “B”/EODEX K1-80; released from contingency station and commenced participation in a USN/ROKN MINEX/EODEX KI-80; READIEX ALFA (Power Projection).

 

Celebrated Christmas Day, December 25, 1979 in the northern Arabian Sea as flagship, Task Force SEVEN ZERO and Task Group SEVEN ZERO PT TWO (Battle Group Bravo) joining up with USS Midway (CV-41) and ships in company comprised Task Croup SEVEN ZERO PT ONE (Battle Group ALFA) on 3 December 1979.

 

Port visits included: Subic Bay, Republic of Philippines; Pattaya, Thailand; Hong Kong  Pusan, Korea; Subic Bay, Republic of Philippines; Yokosuka, Japan; Pusan, Korea; Subic Bay, Republic of Philippines; Subic Bay, Republic of Philipines and Pearl Harbor.

 

CVW-15 Squadrons include: VF-51 “Screaming Eagles,” F-14A; VF-111 “Sundowners,” F-14A; VA-22 “Fighting Redcocks,” A-7E; VA-94 “Shrikes,” A-7E; VA-52 “Knightriders,” A-6E/KA-6D; VAW-114 “Hormel Hogs,” E-2C; VFP-63 DET. 1 “Eyes of the Fleet,” RF-8G; VAQ-135 “Black Ravens,” EA-6B; VS-21 “Fighting Redtails,” S-3A; HS-8 “Eightballers,” SH-3H; and VQ-1 DET. “World Watchers,” EA-3B.

USS Independence (CV-62) – 2nd, 6th & 7th  (1st & 2nd Red Sea & Gulf of Aden)

Lant

14th Med

1st Suez Canal

1st  IO

2nd Suez Canal

Med

Lant

CVW-6

AE

28 Jun 1979

14 Dec 1979

Europe

Middle East

Indian Ocean

170-days

Tour of duty with the 7th Fleet in response to the Iran Hostage Crisis

 

Ports of call included Naples, Italy; Haifa, northern Israel; Palermo, Insular Italy; Athens, Greece; Genoe, Italy; Toulon the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain.

 

Squadrons: VF-102, F-4J; VF-33, F-4J; VA-15, A-7E; VA-87, A-7E; VA-176, A-6E / KA-6D; VS-28, S-3A; VAQ-130, EA-6B; VFP-63 DET., RF-8G; VAW-124, E-2C and HS-5, SH-3H.

USS Midway (CV-41) - 7th (Forward Deployed)

WestPac

CVW-5

NF

20 Aug 1979

14 Sep 1979

26-days

Ports of calls include: Hong Kong, situated on China's south coast and, enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea.

 

Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-70), Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-77), Surface Combatant Force, Seventh Fleet (Task Force 75) & Carrier Group Five, Commander DESRON 15 and Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked Midway.

 

Squadrons: VF-161, F-4J; VF-151, F-4J; VA-93, A-7E; VA-56, A-7E; VA-115, A-6A / KA-6D; VAW-115, E-2B; VMFP-3 Det., RF-4B; VMAQ-2 Det., EA-6A and HC-1 Det. 2, SH-3G.

USS Nimitz

(CVN-68) – 2nd, 6th & 7th

(1st North Arabian Sea  & Gulf of Oman)

NorLant

3rd Med

Lant

SoLant

1st Cape of Good

1st IO

2nd Cape of Good

SoLant

Lant

Med

Lant

CVW-8

AJ

10 Sep 1979

26 May 1980

Europe

Middle East

North Arabian Sea

Gulf of Oman

Iran Hostage crisis

Tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, to strengthen the U.S. Naval presence in the crucial Indian Ocean area as tensions heightened over Iran's taking of 52 American diplomats hostage.

 

Played a key role in CrisEx-79, a joint naval amphibious exercise with the Spaniards that envisioned a scenario to repel invaders from gaining a foothold along the Spanish Mediterranean Sea coast; operating closely with Spanish destroyer SPS Mendez Nuńez (D-63), which she integrated into her screen, while the evolution involved more than two dozen ships and submarines and 35,000 troops; MultiPlEx, an exercise incorporating two carrier task forces in combined operations in the Mediterranean Sea, and then will steam from the Med to the Southern Atlantic via Cape of Good Hope operating under the direction of the 2nd Fleet, on her first Indian Ocean, sailing in the North Arabian Sea and into the Gulf of Oman to a staging area off the southeast Coast of Iran operating with the 7th Fleet, to strengthen the U.S. Naval presence in the crucial Indian Ocean area as tensions heightened over Iran's taking of 52 American diplomats hostage, in what would turn out to be Operation Eagle Claw (Operation Rice Bowl and Operation Evening Light), the attempt to rescue the US Embassy workers being held hostage in Tehran, Iran.

 

Ports of call include: Rota, Spain; Naples, Italy; Alexandria, Egypt; Naples, Italy; Naples, Italy; Tunis, Tunisia and Naples, Italy; Athens, Greece and Naples, Italy.

 

“…I told you that I had confidence in your high state of preparedness for any task which might be demanded of you,” ADM Hayward told the crew during their time in the Gulf. “You proved without question in the ensuing months that my confidence and that of your countrymen across America and your shipmates throughout the Navy was especially well placed…Your countrymen are very proud of you, and they have every right to be.”

 

VADM George E.R. Kinnear, II, Commander, Naval Air Forces Atlantic, held a high level planning conference concerning the ship’s deployment to the Indian Ocean, on board Nimitz off Naples on 3 January 1980.

 

Nimitz anchored off Naples then headed for the Indian Ocean via Cape of Good Hope. Nimitz sailed in response to the Iranian crisis, leading a nuclear-powered battle group including California and Texas from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean on 4 January 1980. The three ships stood out of separate Italian ports and rendezvoused, sailing at a speed of advance of 25 knots around Africa via the Cape of Good Hope and into the Indian Ocean to “Gonzo Station” (derisively named by sailors serving there, supposedly deriving the term from Gulf of Oman Naval Zoo Operation).

 

CVW-8 Squadrons include: VF-41 “Black Aces,” F-14A; VF-84 “Jolly Rogers,” F-14A; VA-82 “Marauders“A-7E; VA-86 “Sidewinder,” A-7E; VA-35 “Black Panthers,” A-6E/KA-6D; VFP-63 DET. 5 (*1) “Eyes of the Fleet,” RF-8G; VAQ-134 “Garudas,” EA-6B; VS-24 “Scouts,” S-3A; HS-9 “Sea Griffins,” SH-3H and VAW-112”Golden Hawks,” E-2B.

 

Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet, Commander, Carrier Strike Force Sevent Fleet, Admiral Robert E. Kirksey, USN and Chief of Staff , Captain C. W. Streightiff and Captain J. S. Donnell; Commander, Battle Group Two, Rear Admiral James R. Sanderson, USN and Chief of Staff, Captain W. V. Garcia.

 

USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69), USS South Carolina (CGN-37) and USS Virginia (CGN-38) relieved Nimitz and her group, including guided missile cruisers California (CGN-37) and Texas (CGN-39) from 7 to 8 May 1980, after the crew endured 108 days, operating 144 of them continuously at sea, including 115 of Iranian contingency operations on station during Operation Eagle Claw (Operation Rice Bowl and Operation Evening Light), the attempt to rescue the US Embassy workers being held hostage in Tehran, Iran in the Indian Ocean, North Arabian Sea and into the Gulf of Oman to a staging area off the southeast Coast of Iran referred to as “Gonzo Station.”

 

The carrier operated principally under Battle Group 2, commanded by RADM James R. Sanderson. A goodly company of ships assembled under TG 70.1 for several hours of formation steaming and station keeping, comprising: aircraft carriers Nimitz, USS Midway (CV-41) and USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63); guided missile cruisers USS Bainbridge (CGN-25), USS California (CGN-36), USS Jouett (CG-29) and USS USS Texas (CGN-39); guided missile destroyers USS Berkeley (DDG-15) and USS Parsons (DDG-33); frigates USS Knox (FF-1052) and USS Stein (FF-1065); replenishment oilers USS Roanoke (AOR-7) and USS Wabash (AOR-5); and oilers USS Mispillion (AO-105) and USS Passumpsic (AO-107).

USS California (CGN-36), USS South Carolina (CGN-37), USS Texas (CGN-39) and USS Reeves (CG-24) joined Nimitz as part of her task force with CVW-8 embarked.

+USS Midway (CV-41) -7th (1st North Arabian Sea) (Forward Deployed)

24th WestPac 17th SCS

5th IO

 

CVW-5

NF

30 Sep 1979

20 Feb 1980

Indian Ocean

Middle East

North Arabian Sea

144-days

Iranian Hostage Crisis in Iran, operating on "GONZO" Station in the North Arabian Sea.

 

Ports of call not reported.

 

Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-70), Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-77), Carrier Group Five, Commander DESRON 15, Commander DESRON 15 and Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked Midway.

 

Squadrons: VF-161, F-4J; VF-151, F-4J; VA-93, A-7E; VA-56, A-7E; VA-115, A-6A / KA-6D; VAW-115, E-2B; VMFP-3 Det., RF-4B; VMAQ-2 Det., EA-6A and HC-1 Det. 2, SH-3G.

USS Coral Sea (CV-43) - 7th           (1st North Arabian Sea)

13th WestPac

1st IO

CVW-14

NK

13 Nov 1979

11 Jun 1980

Middle East

212-days

Iran Hostage crisis

Tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, to strengthen the U.S. Naval presence in the crucial Indian Ocean area as tensions heightened over Iran's taking of 52 American diplomats hostage, in what would turn out to be Operation Evening Light during Operation Eagle Claw, the attempt to rescue the US Embassy workers being held hostage in Tehran, Iran, while operating on "GONZO" Station in the North Arabian Sea.

Cheju-Do Islands in the  Sea of Japan

 

Ports of call include: Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Subic Bay, R.P.; Pattaya Beach, Thailand and Singapore.

 

COMCARGRU THREE, R.L. Chambers and CVW-14 Squadrons include: VMFA-323 “Death Rattlers,” F-4N; VMFA-531 “Grey Ghosts,” F-4N; VA-97 “Warhawks,” A-7E; VA-27 “Royal Maces,” A-7E; VA-196 “Main Battery,” A-6E/KA-6D; VAW-113 “Black Eagles,” VFP-63 DET. 2 “Eyes of the Fleet,” RF-8G and HC-1 DET. 3 “Pacific Fleet Angels,” SH-3G.

#USS Midway (CV-41) 16th deployment as a forward deployed carrier stationed at Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan)
-USS Midway (CV-41) 17th deployment as a forward deployed carrier stationed at Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan)
+USS Midway (CV-41) 18th deployment as a forward deployed carrier stationed at Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan)
(Ref. U. S. Navy Deployment History Resources)

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) began 1979, its eighteenth year of service to the nation, in its homeport of San Diego, California under the command of Captain W. Lewis Chatham, USN. Routine activities in port and local work-up operations in preparations for a scheduled overseas deployment consumed the first five months of the calendar year. The requisite qualifications inspect ions and exercises culminated in the April to May time frame with successful completion of the operational readiness and command inspections” (Ref. 331B-1979).

 

President Carter directed USS Constellation (CV-64) and her escort ships to remain on station in the South China Sea and not enter the Indian Ocean

 

     “President Carter directed USS Constellation (CV-64) and her escort ships to remain on station in the South China Sea and not enter the Indian Ocean on 2 January 1979” (Ref. 1-Constellation & 72).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) was in port Naval Air Station, Alameda, California for the holidays from 16 December 1978 to 9 January 1979” (Ref. 362D).    

 

Iran History and Iranian Revolution

Iran and neighboring countries, is one of the only places in the world where oil is the natural resource of countries and religion is politics. Iran was in turmoil over who should lead the Iranian people. In the Persian Gulf region, Iran was a strategic asset for the United States. The two nations had common interests relating to the oil industry and security matters evolving from Soviet expansion in the area. However, the regime of the shah of Iran, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, was repressive and corrupt. Large numbers of devoted Shiite Muslims were vigorously opposed to the Western-oriented rule of the shah and were determined to remove him from his throne and establish a fundamentalist Islamic republic.

 

During 1978 and into early 1979, riots against the shah's regime took place in several Iranian cities. The distant leader of this revolutionary overture was the Ayatollah Khomeini, a well-known Muslim leader, who had been exiled by the shah on and was now living in Paris, France. Khomeini issued proclamations calling for the downfall of the Pahlavi regime and demanding a revolution by the poor and oppressed Iranians. These proclamations were distributed throughout Iran and soon the exiled ayatollah became a legendary folk hero to his people. In his attacks of the shah, the ayatollah simultaneously attacked the United States for its support of the Iranian police state. “Khomeini campaign from abroad culminated in his return to claim his spot as the new spiritual (and de-facto) political leader. The tone was not only deeply religious, but also increasingly anti-American” (Ref. 6- Ultimate Anti-Americanism: The Iran Hostage Crisis)” (Ref. 4).

 

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) departs NAS, Alameda, Ca. for COH at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Wash.

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) was in port Naval Air Station, Alameda, California for the holidays from 16 December 1978 to 9 January 1979, departing with 2,200 officers and men and 500 temporarily embarked dependents, to the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Wash. on 9 January, arriving the ship yard on 11 January 1979. Immediately upon arrival, she entered Dry Dock No. 6 for a 30-month Comprehensive Overhaul (COH)” (Ref. 1-Enterprise, 72 & 76).  

 

USS Ranger (CV-61) with CVW-2 (NE)

 (January 1979)

Hull No. /

Fleet

Foreign Water Fleet

Deployment

 Air Wing

Tail

Code

Depart

Return

Days at Sea

Fleet D. No.

USS Ranger (CVA-61) – 3rd

EastPac

CVW-2

NE

Jan 1979

Jan 1979

Training

Local Operations

SQUADRON

SQUADRON NICK NAME & PRIMARY

ROLE

AIRCRAFT DESIGN

NICK NAME &

PRIMARY ROLE

TAIL

CODE

Modex

AIRCRAFT

DESIGNATION

VF-154

Black Knights -

Fighter Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Phantom II Jet Fighter

NE100

F-4J

VF-21

Free Lancers -

Fighter Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Phantom II Jet Fighter

NE200

F-4J

VA-113

Stingers -

Attack Squadron

Vought - Corsair II -

Jet attack aircraft

NE300

A-7E

VA-25

Fist of the Fleet -

Attack Squadron

Vought - Corsair II -

Jet attack aircraft

NE400

A-7E

VA-145

Swordsmen -

Attack Squadron

Grumman - Intruder -

Jet Attack Bomber - Tanker

NE500

A-6A / KA-6D

VAW-117

Wallbangers - Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron

Grumman - Hawkeye Electronics

600

E-2B

RVAH-7

Peacemakers - Reconnaissance Attack Squadron

North American -

Jet Attack Fighter Reconnaissance

610

RA-5C

VAQ-137

Rooks - Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron

Grumman - Intruder -

Jet Attack Bomber - Special electronic installation

620

EA-6B

VS-29

Dragonfires - Air Anti-Submarine Squadron

Grumman - Hawkeye Electronics

700

E-2B

HS-4

Black Knights - Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron

Sikorsky - Sea King -  Anti-submarine

730

SH-3H

(*1) disestablished on Sep.30, 1977

CVA changed to CV 30 June 1975

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) departs NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. for aircraft shipboard trials in the SOCAL OPERA

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) remained inport Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California from 1 to 10 January 1979, departing on 11 January 1979 with COMCARGRU SEVEN embarking on the 11th, for A-4M Skyhawk and F-4s Phantom aircraft shipboard trials in Southern California (SOCAL) OPERA” (Ref. 331B-1979).

 

    “USS Midway (CVA-41) with Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked conducted Fleet Activities Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan) 23 December 1978 to 11 January 1979” (Ref. 72).

 

USS Midway (CV-41) with CVW-5 embarked departs for an Underway Period

 

    “USS Midway (CV-41) with Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-70), Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-77), Surface Combatant Force, Seventh Fleet (Task Force 75) & Carrier Group Five, Commander DESRON 15 and Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked departed Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan) 11 January 1979, with Captain Thomas Francis Brown III, NAVCAD, as Commanding Officer, on her 22ndWestPac and  her 16th deployment as the U. S. Navy’s forward-deployed carrier operating with the 7th Fleet; redesignated CV-41, reclassifying a Multi-Purpose aircraft carrier on 30 June 1975. She will under go her 19th deployment since her second recommission on 31 January 1970, following completion of a four-year conversion-modernization at the San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard, arriving on 11 February 1966, ending the year of 1965 upon arrival from her sixth “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, on her first Vietnam Combat Cruise in the Far East; making three Vietnam Combat Cruises operating with the 7th Fleet during the Vietnam Conflict/War; ending her eighth “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, on her third South China Sea deployment, her third Vietnam Combat Cruise in the Far East. She will under go her 25th deployment since her first recommission upon completion of SCB-110 (August 1955 to 30 September 1957), decommissioning in August 1955 upon completion of her World Cruise for a five month SCB-110 modernization that included new innovations such as an enclosed bow and an angled flight deck to be installed at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton Washington; redesignated CVA-41 on 1 October 1952. She will under go her 38th Deployment since her commission 10 September 1945, having the destination of being the lead ship of her class, and the first to be commissioned after the end of lead ship of her class, and the first to be commissioned after the end of World War II” (Ref. 1-Midway & 72).

 

USS Midway (CV-41) with CVW-5 (NF)

(11 January to 20 February 1979)

Hull No. /

Fleet

Foreign Water Fleet

Deployment

 Air Wing

Tail

Code

Depart

Return

Days at Sea

Fleet D. No.

USS Midway (CV-41) – 7th (Forward Deployed)

22nd WestPac

CVW-5

NF

11 Jan 1979

20 Feb 1979

Western Pacific

41-days

 

SQUADRON

SQUADRON NICK NAME & PRIMARY

ROLE

AIRCRAFT DESIGN

NICK NAME &

PRIMARY ROLE

TAIL

CODE

Modex

AIRCRAFT

DESIGNATION

VF-161

Chargers -

Fighter Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Phantom II Jet Fighter

NF100

F-4J

VF-151

Vigilantes -

Fighter Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Phantom II Jet Fighter

NF200

F-4J

VA-93

Ravens - Attack Squadron

Vought - Corsair II -

Jet Attack Aircraft

NF300

A-7E

VA-56

Champions -

Attack Squadron

Vought - Corsair II -

Jet Attack Aircraft

NF400

A-7E

VA-115

Eagles - Attack Squadron

Grumman - Intruder -

Jet Attack Bomber - Tanker

NF500

A-6E / KA-6D

VAW-115

Liberty Bells - Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron

Grumman - Hawkeye - Electronics

601-604

E-2B

VMFP-3 Det.

Eyes of the Corps - Marines Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Phantom II Jet Fighter - Reconnaissance

(RF)

610

RF-4B

VMAQ-2 Det.

Playboys - Marines

Electronics Warfare

Grumman - Intruder - Jet Attack Bomber - Special electronic installation

(CY)

620

EA-6A

HC-1 Det. 2

Pacific Fleet Angels - Helicopter Combat Support Squadron

Sikorsky - Sea King - Anti-submarine

722-727

SH-3G

 

 

    “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) commenced A-4M Skyhawk and F-4s Phantom aircraft shipboard trials in Southern California (SOCAL) OPERA and conducted UNREP with USS Roanoke (AOR-7) on 14 January 1979” (Ref. 331B-1979).

 

“On January 15, 1979, Jimmy Carter speaks at the memorial services for Martin Luther King, Jr. saying that he will not hesitate to call another Middle East summit if it will help the cause of peace. Broadcast on ABC-TV” (Ref. 12)

 

Iran History and Iranian Revolution

“Sensing defeat and a potential bloodbath of a civil war, the shah and his wife and family and a small group of aides boarded the royal Iranian Boeing 707 aircraft on January 16, 1979, and flew out of the country, never to return. After all, the U.S. had always sided with the Shah, and most Iranians believed it would try and restore him to power (like it did in 1953).

 

It was almost universally believed in Iran that the CIA would attempt a repeat performance of 1953, restoring the Shah to power.  Actually, Carter had no intention of trying to restore the shah, and formally recognized the new Islamic government. The Iranians, however, could not believe that the United States would abandon the shah, and as long as he was alive, they anticipated another CIA coup.

 

Once the shah fled the country, the Iranian revolution became a full-blown affair. Interests in the Persian Gulf region were clearly threatened. Quickly the United States lost access to Iranian oil and saw the cancellation of $7 billion of uncompleted arms contracts” (Ref. 1-Constellation, 4 & 72).

 

“On January 17, 1979, Jimmy Carter discusses the budget Iran energy firing of advisor on women's affairs China tobacco and SALT on his’s forty-second press conference. Broadcast on CBS-TV” (Ref. 12).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returns to NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. after completing aircraft shipboard trials in the SOCAL OPERA

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) with COMCARGRU SEVEN embarked returned to Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California on 18 January 1979, underway from 11 to 18 January 1979, conducting A-4M Skyhawk and F-4s Phantom aircraft shipboard trials in Southern California (SOCAL) OPERA from 14 to 18 January 1979. Kitty Hawk conducted UNREP with USS Pyro (AE-24) on 17 January and USS Roanoke (AOR-7) on 18 January 1979” (Ref. 331B-1979).

 

Iran History and Iranian Revolution

“On January 19, 1979 millions of marchers rallied to back Khomeini, who announced from France that he was forming a new government” (Ref. 151- Super70s.com).

 

“The image of Iran in the West became that of a very fundamentalist, contra western country” (Ref. 18).

“On January 23, 1979, Jimmy Carter speaks on the economy government politics and the SALT treaty at a State of the union address 1979” (Ref. 12)

“On January 26, 1979 at a Press conference, Jimmy Carter discusses China; SALT Kennedy Resolution; Iran; 1980 campaign student aid budget; energy; Nixon and defense. Broadcast on CBS TV” (Ref. 12)

 

USS Constellation (CV-64) and her escorts were released from contingency operations in the South China Sea

 

     “USS Constellation (CV-64) and her escorts were released from contingency operations in the South China Sea on 28 January 1979” (Ref. 1-Constellation & 72).

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) hosted Mr. Roger Veach and his family for a tour of the ship on 30 January 1979” (Ref. 331B-1979).

 

U.S. government dependents and nonessential American citizens were ordered to evacuate Iran

 

     “Due to the uneasy situation in Iran all U.S. government dependents and nonessential American citizens were ordered to evacuate the country on 30 January 1979” (Ref. 1-Constellation & 72).

 

Iran History and Iranian Revolution

“The Regency and Supreme Army Councils established for the Shah's absence proved unable to function, and Prime Minister Shahpur Bakhtiar was unable to effect compromise with his former National Front colleagues or with Khomeini. Crowds in excess of 1,000,000 demonstrated in Tehran, proving the wide appeal of Khomeini, who arrived in Iran amid wild rejoicing on February 1, 1979” (Ref. 22).

 

“In the midst of the revolutionary chaos the Ayatollah Khomeini returned and became the nation's new leader, Emam (Supreme Leader).  Khomeini seen as a Shi'a clergy used the situation to install itself in power, and declare the "Islamic Republic of Iran” (Ref. 16 & 72).

 

Ten days later Bakhtiar went into hiding, eventually to find exile in Paris” (Ref. 22).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) departs NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. for ASWEX AIREM DELTA-79 in the SOCAL OPERA

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) remained inport Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California from 19 January to 1 February 1979, departing on 2 February 1979 with COMCARGRU SEVEN embarking on the 2nd, for ASWEX AIREM DELTA-79, operating in Southern California (SOCAL) OPERA” (Ref. 331B-1979).

 

USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) completed $80,000,000 11 month overhaul at Puget Sound Naval Ship Yard, Bremerton, Washington and sailed for Alameda, Ca.

 

   “The Coral Sea (CVA-43), former CVB-43 & CV-42, the 43rd aircraft carrier of the United States Navy by Hull No. and in order of commission, the 45th, commissioning on 1 October 1947, with her 1st CO Captain A. P. Storrs, III, in command, completed $80,000,000 11 month overhaul at Puget Sound Naval Ship Yard, Bremerton, Washington and sailed for Alameda, Ca. 8 February 1979, arriving the next day; underwent overhaul on 6 March 1978, during which the last of her 5-inch battery and all gun directors were removed” (Ref.1-Coral Sea, 2-USS Coral Sea “Welcome Aboard” brochure, 34, 35 and 72).

 

     “USS Coral Sea (CV-43) with CVW-15 embarked, conducted an intensive workup cycle, refresher training and CarQuals, to include many visits at North Island Naval Air Station, San Diego, Ca. commencing February 1979” (Ref. 43).

 

 “On February 12, 1979 at a Press conference, Jimmy Carter discusses relations with Mexico Iran Taiwan China Russia Middle East and energy taxes federal debt and oil companies” (Ref. 12).

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) conducted UNREP with USNS Taluga (TAO-6 2) on 3 February and USS Pyro (AE-24) on 6 February and USNS Taluga (TAO-6 2) on 7 February. CQINAVAIRPAC and thirty-five guests visited Kitty Hawk on 8 February 1979” (Ref. 331B-1979).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) returns to NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. after completing ASWEX AIREM DELTA-79 in the SOCAL OPERA

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) with COMCARGRU SEVEN embarked returned to Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California on 12 February 1979, conducting ASWEX AIREM DELTA-79 operating in Southern California (SOCAL) OPERA from 5 to 8 February 1979. COM,NAVAIRPAC and thirty-five guests visited Kitty Hawk on 8 February and Kitty Hawk conducted UNREP with USNS Taluga (TAO-6 2) on 3 February and USNS Taluga (TAO-6 2) on 12 February 1979” (Ref. 331B-1979).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) departs NAS, NI, San Diego, Ca. for CARQUALS in the SOCAL OPERA

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) remained inport Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California on 13 February 1979, departing on 14 February 1979, for CARQUALS, operating in Southern California (SOCAL) OPERA” (Ref. 331B-1979).

 

Iran History and Iranian Revolution

“Within Iran, anti-American tempers continued to erupt. On Valentine's Day February 14th, 1979, revolutionary forces in Tehran overran the United States embassy, seizing seventy employees for more than two hours” (Ref. 4).

 

     “USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) conducted UNREP with USNS Taluga (TAO-62) on 17 February 1979” (Ref. 331B-1979).